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Tampico

Introduction

Given the historical fact of the existence of five Tampicos, we realize the location of each of them. The indigenous Tampico, was a small town of Huastecos, which was located on the south bank of the Pánuco River, near where today is Cuauhtémoc City, and existed since time immemorial. The Villa of San Luis de Tampico, was founded at the request of Fray Andrés de Olmos and by license of the Viceroy Don Luis de Velasco, the 26 of April of 1554, with neighbors of Santiesteban de Pánuco, consolidating as Villa until 1560. This Villa constituted the Pueblo Viejo de Tampico, being located in the current town of Ciudad Cuauhtémoc. Due to the attacks of the pirates, the inhabitants of the Villa de San Luis Tampico, migrated to a place located two kilometers north of the current Villa de Tampico Alto, Veracruz, which, due to being called a jewel or hollow, we named as Tampico Joya . There were several outstanding migrations: the one that took place due to the attack of the pirate Laurent Graft or Lorencillo in 1684 and that of 1738 in which the last fire of the Villa de San Luis de Tampico took place.

The unhealthiness and carelessness of the Christ of Tampico or Lord of Misericordias, and of course the desire to reunite the already dispersed people between Joya, Pueblo Viejo de Tampico and the Ranchos Fray Matías Terrón and Salvador de Tampico, motivated Colonel José de Escandón to visit the place and through election orders the transfer to the aforementioned hills or ranches located in the current Tampico Alto, Veracruz. The 15 of January of 1754, the streets are drawn and the new population is founded, with the name of the Villa of San Luis de Tampico nowadays Tampico Alto Veracruz. Having repopulated old Villa de San Luis or Pueblo Viejo de Tampico, and founded the Villa de Altamira the 2 of May of 1749, and having granted customs to Pueblo Viejo, this resulted in the detriment of the residents of Villa de Altamira, who received the goods with very altered prices, thus provoking a quarrel; some to keep the customs and others, those of Villa de Altamira, to establish another that would benefit them in a new population on the margin of the Pánuco River. Those of Pueblo Viejo, they resorted to the General Don Manuel Gómez Pedraza and those of Altamira to the General Don Antonio López de Santa Anna who came to rebel against the Iturbide emperor for the Plan of Casa Mata. This grants a provisional permit to found a new population on the north side of the Pánuco River, this being the current city of Tampico Moderno.

This happened the 12 of April of 1823, with the name of Santa Anna Tampico, in honor of who gave the permission for the new population. So much was the veneration for Santa Anna, that the name of the city became popular speech and documents Santa Anna de Tamaulipas, forgetting the name of Tampico and this lasted until the decline of the Most Holy with the promulgation of the Plan of Ayutla in 1824.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1823 The foundation or so-called repopulation of Tampico (repopulation of one of many Huastec peoples of the region, which probably bore the name of Chachuagual) took place on April 12 by neighbors of the Villa de Altamira led by the mayor Don Juan de Villatoro .
  • 1829 Tampico was born as a population already completed Independence, but had the feint of the foreigner throughout the nineteenth century, first with the attempt to recapture Brigadier Isidro Barradas Mexico, who was defeated the September 11 of the same year.
  • 1847 In February the American troops entered Tampico, without any resistance from them, since previously General Don Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna had ordered the withdrawal of the Mexican defense troops and the removal of all the implements of war; the order was so precipitate that many supplies of war had to be thrown into the river, a fact that displeased the people, which almost provoked a riot. A certain Cervantes indicated to the invaders the course followed by the Mexican troops towards San Luis Potosí.
  • 1859 The proclamation of the Reformation was made in Tampico, the 21 of July Don Manuel Gardette, political chief of the southern district. With this motive there was a parade in the morning in Tampico; At eight o'clock in the evening speeches were given, poems were recited in the theater and two public dances were performed.
  • 1861 The 28 of March, Lieutenant Colonel José Hernández, and others, revolted by taking Fort Iturbide and fighting in the streets against the loyal troops of General Juan José de la Garza, Governor of the State; The next morning De La Garza managed to recover the Fort, helped by his brother Colonel Rafael De La Garza, General Rafael Jonguitud and Colonel Manuel Larrañaga. On the 14 day of December of the same year, General Tapia came to Tampico, who had been appointed military political chief of the plaza, with orders to prepare defenses against a possible foreign invasion, strangely ordered the dismantling of the forts, something that It earned him hurtful criticism. He directs a proclamation to all Mexicans to put aside their political differences and to prepare themselves to fight against the Spanish, French and English invaders of the triple alliance.

But the differences continued, since the September 18 Ignacio Navarro Cerda, Ignacio Izaguirre and others, leading the official heads, authorities and people, declared null the appointment of Don Jesus de la Serna as Governor. The mayor of Tampico was Dionisio Camacho. General Carvajal approaches Tampico but does not decide to attack him. In view of the situation created by the French, General Juan José de la Garza retires to the hacienda of Chocoy north of Altamira and remains on the lookout.

  • 1862 The first operations of war against Tamaulipas, originated in the promises of the Florentino Lopez leader to deliver a thousand mules whenever the French occupied the port. This decided General Forey to order the disembarkation in Tampico of more than a thousand men under the command of Colonel de la Canorgue. The operation was led by Rear Admiral Jean Pierre Edmon Jurien de la Graviere.

The French forces enter the 23 day in time. The entrance was through the Fort of Iturbide in the channel of La Cortadura, penetrating to the Plaza de La Libertad and the Fuerte Casa Mata. General Desiderio Pavón had evacuated the port and stood a short distance away with his scant garrison, harassing the French as reinforcements arrived. The mules promised by Florentino López, could not even be offered to the French by the number of seven hundred, because a certain Gallardo had taken prisoner who was driving them to the port of Tancasne, so Forey ordered the evacuation of Tampico, against the opinion of the Rear Admiral Jurien de la Graviere. Meanwhile French columns had had 21 and 22 meetings in December in Altamira and Pueblo Viejo, respectively, with the national troops.

  • 1863 The 2 of January, began the embarkation of the French troops, operation that lasted until the 22 of the same month, although the city was evacuated on 13 day, the Lance gunship that ran at the Barra was burned and destroyed. The January 19, the Mexican troops commanded by General Juan José de la Garza occupied Tampico. On July 10, General Forey orders Colonel Hennique and his regiment to leave Puebla to occupy Tampico again, which is reinforced by Charles Duplin's counter-guerrilla. The 8 of August is presented in front of Tampico, the French Squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Bossé. The Mexican batteries answered the attack but did not have enough range. The 9 day at five o'clock in the morning was returned to approach the squadron and began the bombing to protect the landing but was interrupted at three due to bad weather while Jeanne D'Arca capsized. The 10 day continued the disembarkation, but was again suspended due to bad weather. The Fort of the Bar was taken and little by little the troops and accoutrements were lowering and penetrating until the point of Do6na Cecilia, later to enter Tampico the day 11 in the afternoon. Upon learning of the fall of Tampico into the hands of the French, Pedro J. Méndez comes from Villa Hidalgo and settles in Rancho Nuevo, between Altamira and the sea and places Tampico on that side and arrives with its outposts to the path of the beach and the Limonal (the royal road of Tampico), preventing the supply of food to the invaders with a flotilla of canoes on the Pánuco and Tamesí rivers. Given the shortage of food, the Tampican families begin to leave the city.
  • 1864 At the beginning of this year the French were still in possession of Tampico, while the Mexican guerrillas continued to harass the enemy troops. The French Colonel Charles Dupin was sent from Veracruz to Tamaulipas to organize the counter-guerrilla, he was known as a cruel and audacious man.
  • On March 11, General A. Hennique appointed Apolinar Márquez, Tampico's Superior Commander, an illustrious surveyor and statistician.
  • The 11 of July returned to Tampico from his counter-guerrilla wanderings General Dupin and left Tampico on the 12 day of August, but not before hanging five Mexican guerrillas from the lanterns in the Plaza de Armas.
  • The French General Aquiles Bazaine orders the March 2 to withdraw from Tampico, leaving Captain Valle in the custody of the tanks and commanded by 848 soldiers.
  • The 22 of July arrived at Tampico the Algerian battalion called "Ligero de África" ​​which is invited by Colonel Pedro J. Méndez to join the republican troops. Shortly thereafter, the 6 of August, another battalion arrives, the second Light of Africa.
  • The Mexican guerrillas ravaged and placed the French imperialist troops in many directions of the State.
    1866 The 1º. On January, the French Commandant of Tampico, Pedro Carrere, ordered that the state of siege prepared from the 17 of April of last year be lifted.
  • The January 29 Colonel Dupin returns to Tampico to take over the counter-guerrilla.
  • With the fall of Altamira the May 2 held by the republican troops, the situation in Tampico begins to be desperate for the French. The June 13 French troops reject an attack by the Republicans in Tampico.
  • The Republicans besiege Tampico from Altamira and Panuco, while the French garrison is reinforced with one hundred men commanded by Commander Revaud who arrives in the ship Diligence.
  • For the 31 of July, the brigades of the center and south of Tamaulipas leave Altamira in the early morning and at night they enter into combat and take the Fortín de Iturbide over the Cortadura channel, aided by the patriotic Tampiqueños Diego Flores, Juan Zubiaga , Gregorio Cortina, Ramón Castello and others.

While a squadron of cavalry from Oaxaca simulates an attack on the Fort of Casamata and the Barracks of the Eighth, the bulk of the Republicans arrives at the Fort of Iturbide and slaughters the French garrison. The French are killed and the republican forces reach the parade ground and the bells of the parish take flight. For the 2 of August the fire of the French forces from the Pánuco river is answered, which forces this one to retire to Veracruz. Mexican troops receive reinforcements including those of General Desiderio Pavón. The counter-attacks of the French ships Diligence, Mosquito and Tactique that came to the aid of Lieutenant Langlois are rejected in the stones, forcing them to go to the Bay of the Smoke, thus putting them out of reach of the Fort of Iturbide; meanwhile, the French defended themselves bravely in Casamata and the Cuartel del Ectavo.

  • The 7 of August returns from Veracruz the gunboats and the French steam opening fire on the republican positions, but they are stopped near the pier and forced to raise a white flag in surrender. The commission sent by General Ascención Gómez occupies the ships and the French leader proposes peace and obtains the consent so that the troops occupying Casamata and the Cuartel del Ectavo leave with their arms. The armistice is signed and General Ascensión Gómez cedes the signature of the same to General Desiderio Pavón for being of older profession. The next day, the French left Tampico, thus concluding the French intervention in Tampico.
  • 1871 The garrison of Tampico was constituted by the 4º Infantry Battalion under the orders of Colonel Juan López and the forces of the National Guard which made a contingent of a thousand men.

This garrison was insurrectioned against the government of Don Benito Juarez on May 2, by Lieutenant Colonel Máximo Molina. Soon the federal troops commanded by General José Ceballos and General Sóstenes Rocha, set in motion to quell the rebellion. General Sóstenes Rocha takes the City on the 7 day of June. They are destroyed by the site and bombard the barracks of the Eighth and Fort Casamata.

  • 1910 Professor Alberto Carrera Torres is attributed, the first revolutionary pronouncement in favor of the San Luis Plan of Mr. Francisco I. Madero, the 22 of November, in Tula, Tamaulipas.
  • 1911 On Sunday 7 de Mayo defected the federal garrison rural body of Tampico crossing the Panuco River and entering the Ozuluama Ridge.
  • 1913 The April 9 Coronel Rivera obeying the orders of General Arzamendi, both of Huerta forces, imprisoned the Regidores Leon F. Gual and Manuel Caballero.
  • The 7 of August General Huertista Ignacio Morelos Zaragoza is made of the military garrison of Tampico. Shortly before the Town hall of Tampico headed by the Mayor Carlos B. Sagahón, resigned in full due to the arrival of the visitador Coronel Garci'a Bravo. Occupied Ciudad Victoria by the constitutionalist forces in November 8, Tampico was declared Capital of the State of Tamaulipas.
  • 1914 On April 9 the so-called "Tampico incident" occurred when 7 seamen of the North American ship Dolphin went down to buy gasoline near the Iturbide bridge in the channel of the same name (today of the Cut) and were taken prisoner by an officer and a military escort that made them parade through the streets of Tampico.
  • The 13 of May definitely took the City the revolutionary leaders Cesareo Castro, Teodoro Elizondo, Gonzalo Nava, Luis Caballero, Governor Military Commander of the State, Francisco Cossío Robelo and Pablo González. And on behalf of the General Huertistas neighbors Antonio M. Rábago, Ignacio Morelos Zaragoza, Juan de Dios Arzamendi, Higinio Aguilar, Manuel García Lugo, the Commodore Don Gabriel Caravallo.

Illustrious people

  • Emilio Velasco, illustrious politician, diplomat, jurist and journalist. Minister of Finance at 1876, Minister plenipotentiary of Mexico at the end of the war of intervention. He was plenipotentiary minister of Mexico in Italy and France. (1837-1906)
  • José Francisco Godoy, distinguished diplomat, writer and dramatist, also distinguished himself as a journalist. He acted as Secretary at the Second Pan American Conference; Charge d'Affaires of Mexico in Central America, First Secretary of the Embassy of Mexico in the United States; extraordinary envoy and plenipotentiary minister of Mexico in Cuba and in other countries of South America (1851-1930)
  • Joaquin E. Keerlegand, captain of the National Guard in 1861 and commander of the Battalion in 1865. He fought against the French in 1861 and 1865 and before in the Puebla site. He distinguished himself fighting in the republican forces against Charles Dupin in Tamaulipas and Veracruz. He participated in the site of Matamoros and in the Battle of Santa Gertrudis of 1866. (1838-1908)
  • Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta, businessman of great push. Founder of the XEW diffuser in 1930, of the XEQ in 1938. From the 2 television channel in 1955. He promoted and directed the construction of the Churubusco film studios in 1944 and the Alameda, Bucareli, Bahia, Arcadia and Estadio cinemas. He was a member of the Advisory Commission on Broadcasting and of the first IMSS Board of Directors in 1950 and 1954, he held the presidency of the Broadcasting Association. In Tampico a street bears his name. (1895-1972)
  • Ernesto Cortázar, musician and notable composer. He took part in the wide program to promote vernacular music in the cultural circles of workers in the year of 1925 during the governorship of the lawyer Portes Gil. He collaborated in the Civic Action Directorate of the Federal District and in the organization of the cultural centers for workers. He participated in many movies. He also wrote film arguments. (1900-1953)
  • Antonio Isidro Matienzo Ederna, doctor, was author of recognized works about tuberculosis and yellow fever. (1859-1932)
  • Armando Zacarías Ostos, prócer, jurisconsulto and Federal Deputy to the XXVI Legislature. Master of criminal procedures and subagent of the Mexican government in the Commission of Claims for damages caused in the Revolution. He was one of the companions of President Venustiano Carranza on his trip to Tlaxcalantongo where the Constitutionalist Chief was sacrificed on May 20 of 1920. (1882-)
  • Ignacio Nieves Beltrán, tampiqueño painter whose painting "El niño" deserved the honor of being exhibited in Havana, Cuba, in an exhibition of Mexican painting. It is best known by the pseudonym "Nefero". (1920-)
  • Ramón García Zurita, also a painter of enlightened but brief history. He managed and taught numerous minor techniques such as wood engraving, linoleum. He left a rich legacy of easel paintings, but his greatest work is the murals of the Government Palace of Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas; difficult to implement due to the limited space, whose content refers to passages in the history of Tamaulipas, which are distinguished by their composition and content, but above all, by a great color. (1927-1965)
  • Ramón González Cossío, lawyer and politician (1874-1958)
  • Fernando Heftye Flores, humorist and journalist.
  • Manuel M. Arana, military. He died heroically in the Battle of Angostura, in the war of American intervention. (-1847)
  • Archimedes Caballero Caballero, educator and public servant. He was distinguished with the Pedro J. Méndez medal at 1979. Isaac David Celestino, painter and filmmaker, was born in 1918. He won the Luis Buñuel Award for his films "Mi Casa de Alto Techo" and "Las Dos Hermanas". Esther Chapa Tijerina, doctor and writer. He led the movement to achieve the female vote (1904-1970)
  • Alfonso X. Peña, painter. He was awarded a gold medal as a muralist at a painting exhibition in Paris. He also won the José Clemente Orozco medal for his painting "El Muro en Blanco". (1903-)

Architectural monuments

The Ignacio Manuel Altamirano School, built in the year of 1929; the Municipal Palace, which dates from 1928. On the main balcony of the second level has a replica of the Bell of Dolores; building that housed the facilities of the first telephone exchange; the Cathedral, a beautiful building built at the end of the 19th century, has a basilica plan in the shape of a Latin cross and in the neoclassical style. Former building of the Municipal Palace, later it was the Police Academy and is currently the headquarters of the DIF; building of National Telegraphs, dates of 1908, building The Light, constructed possibly at the beginning of the present century originally it lodged to the oil companies, later it was occupied by the Company of Light. It was also used by the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS); currently used by various companies, the temple of Christ; building of the Maritime Customs, dating from 1902; Penal Palace, of 1924; Kiosco, work of baroque style, its design is due to the architect Oliverio Sedeño and the execution to the architect Roberto de la Garza. It occupies the central place of the Plaza de la Constitución, was built in 1945.

Historical monuments

Monuments to the Heroes of the Independence, of neoclassical style with high Corinthian column, crowned with a statue of the Father of the Nation; in the medallions of the second body the busts of Mariano Jiménez, Aldama, Allende and Corregidora; erected in 1923, it is located in Plaza Pedro J. Méndez; monument to the repobladores of Tampico, formed by a Tuscan column crowned with an eagle with outstretched wings that faces to the south, was erected in 1923 in the centenary of the foundation of Tampico and is located in front of the Plaza de la Libertad, on its side south; monument to the Martyrs of Chicago, modern simple style, 10 May 1957 was erected; It is located in the Plaza Primero de Mayo of Colonia Guadalupe Victoria; monument to the Benemérito de las Américas, Benito Juárez, located in the Plaza de la Libertad; monument to Isauro Alfaro Otero (bronze bust), dates from 1953, located in the private one of the Colonia Alijadores on Hidalgo Avenue. Monuments to Don José María Morelos y Pavón, erected in 1975 is located in Plaza José Ma. Morelos y Pavón (formerly 5 de Mayo); monument to General Lázaro Cárdenas (bronze statue), erected in the remodeling of March's 18 Plaza; monument to the Niños Héroes (formerly star) of the Toltec Colony; monument to General Pedro José Méndez (bronze statue), erected in 1975, is located in Plaza Pedro J. Méndez (formerly the Arrieros); monuments to the Hero of Nacozari Jesús García Corona (bronze busts), located on Calle Hero de Nacozari; monument to the fallen Customs (bronze statue), located at the entrance of the fiscal pier on the railway yard; monument to the repobladores of Tampico, erected in 1982, its author is the sculptor Sentíes de Guadalajara, located in the Plaza de la República in front of the Municipal Auditorium on Hidalgo Avenue; monument to the Flag (a quarry eagle), erected in 1973, is located in the General Genovevo Square Rivas Guillén on Alameda Avenue; monument to the Revolution (bronze statue), of Carranza, Madero and Zapata, erected in May of 1983, located in the plaza of the revolution between the streets Álvaro Obregón-Diagonal Santa Cecilia and General San Martín; monument to Francisco I. Madero, erected in November 20 of 1985, is located in the 20-30 plaza in the Cascajal neighborhood on Diaz Mirón street; monument to Lic. Adolfo López Mateos (bronze statue), is located in the Adolfo López Mateos roundabout in front of the Francisco Javier Mina International Airport; monument to the Father of the Nation (bronze statue), erected by the City Council 1981-1983, is located on Avenida Hidalgo and Dr. Joaquín G. Castilla; monument to the Mother (marble statue), is located in the Plaza Sierra Morena (formerly 10 of May) of the Sierra Morena Colony.

Archaeological monuments

In the northern part of the Municipality, in Tancol, there is an important nucleus with about fifteen cues and a ceremonial platform. One of the cues is 40 meters long by seven meters high. Near this town, in Tierra Blanca, there is another nucleus with a ceremonial plaza and a six-meter-high cue. Also in the Colonies Las Flores and Monte Alegre there are archaeological ruins.

Painting

In the bas-relief of the Municipal Palace, figures of natives of the region with fruits are presented; its author is the architect Enrique Canseco; mural mosaic of the cathedral, of vicentino style, designed by José Ruíz, is located in the central part of the facade and dates from the year of 1968; mural of the Municipal Palace, developed on two levels. The first depicts man's struggle for survival, his mastery over nature and the evolution of man. In the second, destruction and war, but also peace symbolized in a small tree. Its author the Tampican painter Carlos Sens, who made it between 1978 and 1980; mural entitled El Hombre, La Ciencia y El Progreso, by unknown author, is located on the outside of the administrative building of the University Center; Mural in the lobby of the University Center, by Painter Jorge Yapur, made in 1975.

Literature, music and poetry

From Juan J. Aguilar León, the literary works The Proletarians of Coffee and Jarios Melisenda and the Mountain, by María Antonieta Alanís J. Alvarez, Teje y Maneje by Alicia Zúñiga, October in Melancolía, Caterpillar Suspense and Aurífero, by María Aída Bravo, Woman in Balance and Harmony by Carlos Campos Barrón, Brief History of Xicoténcatl Tamaulipas by José María Chávez, Atrás de la Raya, El Grito de Sangre, La Navaja and Death to Cold Blood, plus a series of film scripts by Martha Chávez, Cantos of Youth; by René Espinoza, American Notebooks and Various Letters by Blanca Hurtado, Signo de Soledad and Tiemponiño; of Dolores Gochicoa, Replicas The Bells of Fernando Heftye, I have to wash my hair and other things and 82 Hesitated in Four Chapters; of Ana María Rabatte, Renacer, Amor y Alegría, Letters of Anamaría and Destellos, among others; by Gloria Riestra La Soledad Sonora, Celeste Anhelo y según Tu Palabra, among others; by Matilde Matie Today We Start to Live, Indecision and Crime Under the Zodiac; by Ruiz Pérez, Three Variations on Death. Of the musical genre, Sonatina for Piano and Alleluia and Cordero de José de Jesús Hurtado; Page Blanca, María de Jesús, Canciones Mexicanas, among others, by Mario Kuri Aldana. The poetry finds manifestations in Juan J. Aguilar with the poems entitled Fire of a Hidden Fire, Poetry of Hands and Erosgrama, among others. Also Carmen Alardín genre with El Canto Frágil, Pórtico Labriego, Celda del Viento and Songs and Tears of Apolonia, among others.

Popular parties

From the 12 to the 27 in April, the anniversary of the repopulation of Tampico is celebrated. It is the main festival, since it has replaced the carnival and the exhibition and fair that are held previously. They have a large program of artistic, cultural and sports activities. Among the artists, the presentation of artists and singers and groups of folkloric dance, of musical ensembles, the national contest of huapango, dance encounters, pyrotechnic games, photographic contest, etcetera. Among the cultural, children's drawing, declamation and oratory contests for children and youth. The national poetry contest is also celebrated, as well as the storytelling, as well as the meeting of chroniclers and historians, the book fair, theatrical performances, painting and sculpture exhibitions, photographic exhibition of the artistic portrait, youth group competitions and exhibitions. gastronomic Among the sports, athletic races, cyclists, swimming basketball games, softball, sports gymnastics festival, aerobics and karate, indoor soccer, senior soccer, children's soccer, men's free volleyball, manifutbol, ​​women's free volleyball, amateur boxing , children's baseball, modern dance exhibition, and so on.

The festivities begin with the traditional caravan of wagons, which comes from Ciudad Altamira, in remembrance of the first settlers and founders of the City; with the award of the medal "Fray Andrés de Olmos" to the postulated Master and with the coronation of the Queen of the Festivities. From the 30 from November to the 8 in December, the feasts of the Immaculate Conception, patron saint of the city, are celebrated. The festivities include sporting events such as races, marathons, concerts of the Symphony Orchestra of the University, poetry and song contests with the theme of the Virgin Mary and popular kermes in the parade ground. The festivities of the Virgin of San Juan de los Lagos or San Juanita are celebrated twice a year. The first the 2 of February day of the Candelaria and the second, the 15 of August, day of the Assumption of Our Lady, are organized races and sporting events, as well as a popular kermes. On the day of the Virgin of Guadalupe, December 12, large pilgrimages are made to all the temples of the City, but mainly of the cathedral where traffic is closed to give way to thousands of children dressed as Juan Diego, Great rejoicing, posts of vintage and animation in large, indigenous dance groups flock to the cathedral and other temples. Almost most of the groups are traditional from Colonia Morelos, from Tampico. From here they also occur to the festivities of the Lord of Mercy, from Tampico Alto, in the state of Veracruz, on Thursday of Asunción.

legends

The main ones are some streets related to his name. The street of the Bitterness (today Doctor Alfonso C. Alarcón). Its original name and original name was Calle de la Amargura, it is lost in that misty boundary between legend and history. In the hamlet next to the Carpintero lagoon, on the street of La Ladrillera, there lived an old widow named Dona Matilde, mother of three children: Agustín, Santiago and Julián, the youngest. Agustín married Rosalía, Santiago with Domitila and Julián is a boyfriend with a girl. The first was an excellent daughter-in-law, affectionate to Doña Matilde; the second, Domitila, was a bit hasty. At that time, the children lived next to their mother and were engaged in carpentry when they were involved in the anti-imperialist struggle against Maximilian. Tampico was under the control of the French soldiers, but nearby the Republican guerrillas formed by bold and brave horsemen. Doña Matilde's children did not resign themselves to seeing with their arms crossed the proud French people who were walking through the streets of the town and praising the Tampican ladies and girls. The boldest was Julian the youngest son of Doña Matilde, who fled the city and joined one of the Mexican guerrillas of the Veracruz Huasteca that operated with 20 escaped men from Tampico in union with others. Swallow, the good girlfriend was sad but with the little flame of hope of the soon return of her beloved. The fierce counter-guerrilla Dupin immediately left in pursuit, hung whoever fell into his hands implacably and mercilessly. And he went to the Huasteca Veracruzana on the course of Tantoyuca and Ozuluama. He found Julian's guerrilla in San Antonio Temapache. The French forces were superior and surrounded the Mexican guerrillas who resisted until the end. They all died, including Julian. The columns of Dupin returned victorious to Tampico and locked themselves in the Casemate. The first provision was that the relatives of the insurgents be sought. Agustín and Santiago were torn from their home and driven by the soldiery to the strong Casamata. Doña Matilde made her way every day to bring food to them, crossing paths, when there were not all the houses built in the blocks and she traveled daily, with exemplary perseverance and hope lived, but with a calvary in her soul, the path that most Later it was called Calle de la Amargura. His children were executed, but nothing was reported to the elderly mother who continued assiduously to the fort of Casamata and without any food for their children. The one on Calle Carpintero. It is well known that the Carpintero Lagoon invaded what are now some streets of Tampico. One of those streets bounded with the waters of the lagoon and hence it took the name of it called "The Carpenter's Street".

Traditions and customs

According to María Antonia Alanís de Salazar, the whole town was preparing, several days in advance to wait for the day of the dead. The boats that brought the merchandise to the port, came loaded with canes, limes and sweet lemons that cut with everything and branch to be able to hang them on the altars, and from the Huasteca came huge baskets of exquisite egg bread, pemoles, chabacanes and fines. Nowadays, nobody hears about chabacanes or fines, or yuccas full of brown sugar. The chabacanes were made with dry mass and piloncillo and in the metate they spread with the hand of the metate and they were cut to pictures and the thin ones were also made with dry mass and sugar, without butter and they were put in sea shells in the oven and They came out toasted and very rich. In every household, poor or rich, the altar was placed, it was armed with canes around the picture of a saint, devotion of the family, it was adorned with paper of china and there the candlesticks were placed, where the candles would burn. Some people made the clay candlesticks. And a day before they began to place the hard atole that they made of green plums of the region and that they kept from the month that was harvested in June or July. They all cooked the green plums and dried them in the sun; with that they made their atole for the Day of the Dead. They also filled it with limes, lemon, oranges, empanadas, preserves of sweet potato, pumpkin, or icacos, that strawberry on the beach with such a rich sweet flavor. Already the mere day they put the tamales and those chocolate bowls, that chocolate was milled at home and as they said, it was so lathering and tasted of glory, combined with bread. The day of the dead people got up before the 6 in the morning, because the 6 had to be the candles already lit. After breakfast, the whole family went to church to pray for their dead. On that day all shops closed and all the women dressed in black. In the Tampico that did not hurt to dress in mourning and that if he died the father or mother were two years, the same as a son. Everyone was mourning those people, grandparents, uncles, godparents, because they always had their black dresses for those occasions. After mass they went to the cemetery. The porters and porters carried the boxes with the porcelain and alabaster crowns Tampico was never lavish in gardens, so there were no natural flowers and that is why the rich wore their beautiful crowns of porcelain roses and the very expensive black beads called beads , which looked like jet beads. Among the poor, their crowns were made of paper flowers, these crowns were placed in the tombs and the families stayed until the 12 of the day. From there they went to eat at home. The place of the dead was respected so much, because only the church and the cemeteries are consecrated places. Of course there were no vendors outside the cemetery, let alone inside. Of course they left the crowns in the tombs because who would have dared to steal one ?. They returned to the 2 or 3 in the afternoon and stayed until the 5: 30, they packed the crowns in their boxes and until next year. In their houses they relighted the candles and went to sleep, not without first having read the skulls, which they did in the printing press, since they were about two sheets of paper with some funny verses that they made to the ladies of society, to men of the police and the best-known merchants. So far the story of Ms. Alanis At the moment the tradition of the day of the dead remains, although it has varied a little. In some homes altars are made and decorated with candles, fruits and some foods. In the year of 1987 in the vestibule of the University Center was placed the altar of the day of the dead, according to the custom most attached to tradition.

Habit

On December 12 it is customary to dress the children of Juan Diego, for the festivities of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

Foods

The natural crab, cooked with salt and water; baked and in cake. Shrimp patties, shrimp cakes, mullet roe cakes, pumpkin and shrimp flower tamales, wrapped in banana leaves, made with dough and lard, ceviche de lisa, wrapped in seafood, and the internationally known roast beef to the tampiqueña.

Confectionery

The pepitories, made with piloncillo and pumpkin seed; in love with cream and milk, prepared with bread, decorated with a paste of cornstarch and sugar; and the duchesses, small flour tortillas, with an egg and yellow vegetable bath, with striped coconut.

Drinks

Tepache, pineapple peel in clay jug with water.

Handicrafts

They make works of different figures and reasons taking advantage of the products of the sea. The prisoners work wooden figures of different types.

Location

In the Municipality of Tampico has a territorial extension of 92.73 square kilometers, covering the 0.08 percent of the entire state; it borders to the north with the City of Altamira, to the east with the Municipality of Madero, to the south with Tampico Alto, State of Veracruz, and to the west with the population of Ebano in the State of San Luis Potosí. The municipal head is located at the 97 • 52 'longitude and the 22 • 17' 10 "latitude coordinates; at a height of 12 meters above sea level. The municipal seat includes the only town that integrates the Municipality.

Hydrography

The rivers that converge in the southwest part of Tampico are: the Pánuco and the Tamesí. The first one forms a basin of 96,958 square kilometers and yields a flow of 16,500 million cubic meters per year. The union of these rivers forms one of the most mighty currents of the Mexican Republic that flows into the Gulf of Mexico, other bodies of water are the Laguna del Chairel, Carpinteros and numerous fertile plains and estuaries.

Weather

The predominant climate is subhumid tropical type, warm and extreme, with average annual temperatures of 24 ° C, reaching the highest an average of 36.8 ° C. and the minimum an average of 9.7 ° C. The predominant winds in autumn and winter are the so-called "nortes", while in the other stations they vary from south to north. Because the region is exposed to hydrometeorological phenomena, cyclones and hurricane winds are common, which on more than one occasion have seriously affected the inhabitants of the municipality. The annual rainfall varies from 788.6 to 1,044.10 cubic millimeters and the rainiest month is July above the 1000 cubic millimeters.

Orography

It shows two important elevations, El Cerro de Andonegui, to the east, and the so-called Mata Redonda, the rest of the surface is flat.

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