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Introduction

The Mante and its municipality is relatively young and to determine its foundation a chronological historical relationship is required, because its foundation was produced in a natural way. For example, some tribes stop being nomads to settle in a place that they consider convenient for their life needs.

Thus the current state of Tamaulipas was the last conquest that took place in the New Spain of the Indian territories.

In May 1748 the Viceroy Don Juan Francisco Güemez Horcasitas and Aguayo commissioned the work to Don José de Escandón for the pacification, settlement and population of the "Costa del Seno Mexicano" and once these works were done, it would be called "Colonia del Nuevo Santander" (Today Tamaulipas).

And the region known today as Mante belonged to Horcasitas, this population (Today Magiscatzin) was founded by Captain Barbena in May of 1749 with 65 Spanish families and 56 Indian families.

Origin of the Word Mante

Some data say that the word Mante comes from three Nahuatl words "man", "atl" and "tetl" meaning "place of", "water" and "stone", so united they would mean "place of water in the stone ", in clear allusion to the birth of the Mante River.

Only to deny the above we will say that Nahua Indians never inhabited this region and instead it is fully proven that the tribes that lived here were Huastec and the language they used was the "tének" or "huasteco", but not Nahuatl. According to several scholars who have deepened in the study of "tének", it is known that the word "Mante" is of that origin and that it is formed with two roots that are: "man", which means "yellow" and " you "that means" stick or tree ". It is obvious that it refers to the tree of the same name, whose fruit, when ripe, is an intense yellow.

The Congregation of Palcuay, located in the sierra de las cucharas and formerly corresponded to the municipality of Magiscatzin, was elevated to the rank of village in the year of 1860 with the name of Quintero, in honor of Colonel Manuel M. Quintero, this was the head municipal until the 19 of April of 1921, date in which it lost its rank by decree No. 13 of the State Congress, under the government of General Cesar López de Lara.

A new municipal seat, with the name of Villa de Juárez, was installed in the old congregation of Canoas, where the powers that were in Quintero were transferred. The new name was given in honor of Benemérito de las Américas, Benito Juárez.

By Decree No. 116 of the H. Congreso del Estado, promulgated by Governor Marte R. Gómez, from the 28 of October of 1937 Villa Juárez was elevated to the category of city with its current name, Ciudad Mante.

Chronology of historical events

Transfer of Powers of Quintero to Villa Juarez. When decreasing the former Horcasitas (Magiscatzin Today), many of its inhabitants moved to the congregation of Palcuay, located in the sierra de cucharas and that formerly corresponded to the municipality of Magiscatzin this town was elevated to the rank of Villa with the name of Quintero, in honor of Colonel Manuel M. Quintero. Villa Quintero was founded in the post-independence period, the 4 of May of 1860. The powers were established in Villa de Quintero in the year of 1861 by authorization of the Government of the State, its first municipal president was Mr. Alejandro Sánchez.

But Quintero was municipal head until the 19 of April of 1921 because its lack of progress and stagnation motivated the CHANGE OF POWERS to the old Canoas Congregation and being the Governor of the State General Cesar López de Lara raised the name to Canoas to rank of Villa , imposing the name of Villa Juárez.

From Villa Juarez to Cd. Mante. Thus Villa Juarez was 16 years municipal head, but from the 28 of October of 1937 the State Governor Ing. Marte R. Gómez raised to city rank Villa Juarez, giving it the name Ciudad Mante. It was under decree number 116 issued by the H. Congress of the State of Tamaulipas.

  • 1860 The congregation of Palcuay is elevated to the rank of Villa, with the name of Quintero.
  • 1921 The 19 of April of 1921 Villa Quintero, loses its rank of head and the powers move to the congregation of Canoas, with the name of Villa de Juárez.
  • 1937 The 28 of October of 1937 is elevated to the category of city with the name of City Mante.

Illustrious people

  • Zeferino Fajardo Luna
  • Adela Piña Galván
  • Abel Ramírez Ramírez
  • Guadalupe Quesada de García
  • David Rodríguez Enríquez
  • Tomas Córdoba Sandoval
  • José Ch. Ramírez
  • Ramón Cano Manilla

Architectural monuments

Hacienda el Naranjo, within its territories was the Tantoyuquita steam terminal, vital point of communication between Tampico and the rest of the country and abroad.

Historical monuments

In the main square there is a hemicycle to Juárez and a monument to the mother.

Literature, music and poetry

From Adela Piña, the poetry book entitled Lira Tropical.

Popular parties

During the month of February traditional festivities are carried out, which continue until that month. The sugar fair is also held during which sporting events take place; the popular carnival, in which dances and parades are held.

legends

Towards the seventies, the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared on the glass of a public school, according to the inhabitants of the town of El Limón. Immediately throughout the municipality flourished religious groups that venerated the appearance.

Location

The municipality of Mante is located in the southern portion of the State of Tamaulipas, in the Guayalejo or Tamesí river basin; its extension is 1,699.98 square kilometers, a figure that represents 2.38 percent of the state territory. It borders to the north with the municipalities of Gómez Farías and Xicoténcatl; to the south with the State of San Luis Potosí: to the east with the municipality of González and to the west with those of Ocampo and Antiguo Morelos.

The municipality is located between the parallels 22º 44 'of latitude north and 98º 58' of longitude west, to a height of 80 meters on the level of the sea.

It is integrated by 171 localities, of which the main ones are: City Mante (municipal seat), El Abra, town El Limón, Los Azteca, Cinco de Mayo, North Division, Quintero, Lázaro Cárdenas, Benito Juárez, Bella Vista, Cuauhtémoc , Emiliano Zapata and ejido El Limón.

Hydrography

The Guayalejo River, the main pluvial current of the municipality, has a length of 62.6 kilometers, and it serves as limit with the state of Veracruz. The Mante River, affluent of the Guayalejo River, appears on the surface of the earth, four kilometers north of the Quintero congregation, following the foothills of the sierra.

Other affluents of the Guayalejo river are the Santa Clara rivers, which have a length of 50.7 kilometers; Tantoán, which serves as a limit to the south of the municipality and which has a length of 57.6 kilometers and the Las Ánimas stream, which was flooded under the waters of the storage vessel, serves as the boundary between Mante and González; the part of the dam that remained within the municipality of Mante extends over a surface of 4,875 hectares.

Another important dam, Lázaro Cárdenas, occupies an area of ​​72 hectares with a storage volume of 1.8 million cubic meters, which serves to irrigate 132 hectares.

Weather

The region has a semi-dry extreme climate, with average temperatures of 40º to 46º C in the months of June and July, as well as minimums of 4º to 26º C in the months of November; the precipitation reaches 1,000 millimeters; the prevailing winds come from the east and southeast.

Orography

To the west of the municipality is the Sierra de Cucharas, whose summit passes the municipality boundary; The maximum height of the mountain is 800 meter above sea level, which is located in El Olimpico. Other lower elevations are in the El Agra ejido and Quintero congregation; in general, the rest of the municipality has a uniform relief oscillating the elevations between 15 and 90 meters above sea level.

Classification and land use

The different soil units that exist in the municipality are: lithosol associated with redzina of fine texture; pelis vertisol, of heavy texture and fine texture, and evisceous fluvisol of medium texture, which are characterized by being suitable for agricultural and livestock activities. Land tenure corresponds basically to the regime of ejidal property. The use of land is fundamentally agricultural and livestock.

Flora and fauna

The vegetation of the municipality is formed by suburb scrubland porvifolios and low spiny forest, I feel this type of vegetation of very little development in the area.

The fauna is composed of small mammals such as rabbit, hare, armadillo and wild cat.

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