Family, Sexual and Women's Violence
When a woman suffers continuous domestic abuse from her partner, her children are at considerable risk of becoming a victim as well, and this may mean the beginning of a repetitive cycle.
Sexual and physical violence seem to contribute to increasing the risk of a woman developing numerous gynecological disorders, some of which may be chronic pelvic pain that represents a good number of gynecological visits or sexually transmitted diseases.
The health system is a strategic element to prevent, address and reduce this growing public health problem. To this end, the official Mexican standard nom-046-ssa2-2005 and against women was established, published by the 16 of April of the 2009.
The program for the prevention and care of family and sexual violence against women formally begins with a pilot program in August of 2002 in the states of Coahuila, Michoacán, Nuevo León, Tabasco, and DF in 2003 and 2004, Baja California Norte is incorporated and South, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, State of Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas.
In Tamaulipas the program began in November of the 2005.
According to the national survey carried out in 2006 by the secretary of health and the national institute of public health to 22,318 women of 15 years and more, users of health services, Tamaulipas has the 23% of women who suffer some type of violence, percentage that places us below the national index, with a range of 33.3%.
Establish strategic policies and lines of action to guarantee early detection, timely, specialized and gender-focused attention; as well as limiting the damage to health resulting from family violence and gender, according to the complexity of care and promoting the right of people to a life free of violence.
That the national health system provides timely, quality and gender-sensitive services in terms of prevention and attention to family and gender-based violence, sensitive to the needs of the population and, specifically, to groups in vulnerable situations; based on scientific evidence and respect for human rights.
Number of women of 15 years and more of the population of responsibility with risk of presenting nuptial violence to which the screening tool is applied.
In this same year, the reeducation program for victims and aggressors of partner violence was implemented.
Promote the early detection of family violence and gender in the institutions of the state health system.
Guarantee timely access to specialized medical and psychological care services.
Contribute that women and their children who live in extreme violence have safe spaces that provide protection, medical and psychological attention as well as legal guidance.
Contribute from the state level for the prevention and promotion of the right to a life without violence as part of the human rights of women.
Promote comprehensive, supportive care, with a gender perspective, respectful, multidisciplinary and inter-institutional, to avoid the re victimization of people affected by family violence and gender.
Apply in all health units the tool for early detection of violence to women aged 15 and over who visit the first time consultation.
Train health personnel on the procedure for the routine detection of cases of family and gender violence, as well as their reference.
Attend to women who accept that they suffer violence through individual psychological therapy and reflection groups.
To disseminate among 15 women years or more the most frequent forms of family and gender violence and possible short, medium and long-term consequences on the health of recipients.
- Percentage of women living in severe violence with specialized care than with referrals from other health units.
- Percentage of women in situations of violence detected.
- Percentage of specialized care coverage for women victims of severe violence.
- Percentage of women who end the Pisco-emotional support intervention due to severe violence.
- Percentage of the population responsible who received information about the rights to a life free of violence.
Consolidate detection as early as possible of cases of violence, risk assessment and reference to the services they require.
Consolidate the application of current regulations and the model of attention to violence against women in the fundamental sense of expanding its coverage with the optimum of quality.
Improve the operation of information systems on cases of violence detected.
Family and gender violence is a complex problem that requires the participation of a multiplicity of public institutions, of the different levels of government and of other social actors for their prevention, attention, sanction and eradication.
DIF, SEP. , INMUJERES, IMSS, ISSSTE, Attorney General's Office, Public Security, SEDENA, SEMAR.