Epidemiology


The National Health System establishes the bases for the Epidemiological Surveillance formally with each one of the Institutions of the Health Sector from 1985 year in which the Single Information System for the Weekly Notification of Cases is established; Same that was revised in 1995 and in 2000 suffering adjustments that have allowed this to operate in a more dynamic way.

In its beginnings, the Information System for Epidemiological Surveillance operated through software that concentrated information at different levels with a delay of two epidemiological weeks; Currently, SUAVE works via the Internet in the Online Platform Modality, which allows the information to have greater opportunity and that is available practically simultaneously in the three levels of Government.

Mission

Provide timely and quality information that allows the identification of health risks; to guide the actions of prevention and control of diseases of the substantive programs and with object to limit damages in the population.

Vision

To be a strategic area within the organizational structure of the Ministry of Health that leads to the prevention and control of diseases programs the satisfaction of the users through the use of the products generated by the different epidemiological surveillance systems and programs.

General Purpose

Have information on morbidity, morality and risk to health through the collection, tabulation and analysis of data in order to guide the actions of prevention and control of diseases.

Specific goal

Maintain updated the Epidemiological Profile of the State.

Systematize the process of integration of Epidemiological Information as well as cases and deaths.
Operate the Epidemiological Surveillance System in standardized form by all institutions of the Health Sector.
Measure the impact of prevention and control actions on substantive programs.
Use epidemiological information to guide decision making.
Identification and timely attention of epidemiological risks and outbreaks.
Increase the response capacity and promote anticipatory information to address the risks and limit the damage to health.

The Epidemiological Surveillance Program for Neural Tube Defects (NTD) studies the incidence of birth defects, functional or structural abnormalities that have a multifactorial origin and that affect the product during pregnancy; birth defects are classified as defects affecting closure points in the development of the brain and spinal cord; the most well-known are anencephaly and myelomeningocele.

The program allows to characterize the epidemiological profile of NTDs, identify the determining factors and evaluate the impact of preventive actions of substantive programs.

Immediate detection of cases of NTD in all Medical Units of the Health Sector.
Filling the DTN format.
Immediate notification to the next higher level.
Continuous analysis of information.
Follow-up of notified cases.
Getting enough folic acid, a type of vitamin B, before and during pregnancy prevents Neural Tube Defects.
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