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Music and dance

North Zone

The dances of the north of Tamaulipas (polka, redova and chotis), Although derived from a series of styles of Polish, Scottish and Czechoslovakian origin, they have been assimilated by the people who adopted them as their own and have given them greater movement and joy, vibrating in them the personality and the brave and virile character that is reflected in the agile and strong footwork of the dancers, as well as in the grace and coquetry of their women.

His music is played with the accordion, under sixth, saxophone and double bass, which makes it unmistakable.

The polka

The movements of the dancers are strong and cheerful. It is danced with a strong zapateado on the part of the man, whereas the women do faldeos to give him greater enhancement and coquetería to the dance.

This dance simulates a rhythmic gallop that is interrupted to change step and rhythm. The music that accompanies the polka is played with instruments such as the accordion, the saxophone, the bass sixth and the contrabass, typical of northern music.

The redova

It is a mixture of waltz with mazurka and runs in 3 / 4, in moderate and haughty time.

Its characteristic is the accentuation in the last time of compass with the help of the bass. The difference with the chotis is that this is binary, while the redova is ternary.

The redova has very precise and harmonious movements that run with majesty.

The chotis

It is an elegant and rhythmic dance that is executed with soft and moderate movements, marking a compass of 4 / 4.

The chotis is danced in pairs giving tapped stomps to the rhythm of the music, while they spin around and the choreography is repeated.

In Tamaulipas this dance was also merged with norteño music and other rhythms, resulting in a very happy and colorful dance.

Typical costume of the region

The clothing of female northern folklore is made in checkered or flowered cotton cloth; Blouse and skirt include ornaments based on lace, ruffles and pasalistones, and on the head a long braid with ribbons or a scarf in the color of the dress. In the case of men, jeans are styled in dark color (tergal or denim), denim shirt, bandana or scarf, booty and dark colored northern hat.



Downtown area

In the center of the state, within the mountain area of ​​San Carlos, the traditional music of the pillory, accompanied by dances and performed to the sound of the tambora and the clarinet.

The typical music and dance of this region is known as "pillory" and has its origin in the Villa de San Carlos, nestled in the mountains that served as a refuge for indigenous groups fleeing from the colonizers. The word picota means "high stick" or "column", where inmates were exposed to public shame to the martial beat of the drum and clarinet. As time goes by, the people adopt this music, adapting it to the happy and lively rhythms characteristic of our state. The instruments used to perform this genre are the clarinet and the tambora, which are enough to awaken the taste of dancers. The dance that accompanies it has mestizo reminiscences. In the region, to announce the party, the musicians go up early to play on the hill and the penetrating and intense sound announces to the inhabitants that the party is about to begin. Everyone feels invited.

Typical costume of the region

In the case of clothing in this area, it is made from the beginning in blanket fabric. The woman wears a "v" neck and short sleeves, with the length of the skirt up to the ankle; a band at the waist that ends with a bow at the back and applications on the dress that are usually made of colored ribbons with frets; likewise, a long braid and white Nacahua flowers are styled. The man wears cords on the neck of the shirt and wears a band around the waist the color of the woman's dress. Both can wear huaraches or dance barefoot.



Huasteca region

In the southwest region, a semi-desert area where the first missions in the state settled, religious dances "standing and on horseback" are still preserved, in addition to processional dances that involve a complex community organization for their organization. In this region there is the tradition of huapango, which is generally performed by local troubadours, who usually represent the state in cultural festivals related to that musical genre. It is music to dance on a wooden platform. Within the broad content of huapangos that our Huasteca region has, there are characteristic sounds for trovar in which the languor of the violin stands out, and the rhythmic rhythm of the jarana and fifth guitar, which, integrating with the intoned voice of the troubadour, awakens the sensitivity of who hears it.

For their part, the Huastec troubadours sublimate us with the beauty of their trovos and the lexicon characteristic of the region, showing, in the versification of each of their tenths, a wonderful and unique innate poetic capacity.

Typical costume of the region

In this region, the fabrics used to make the regional costume vary: the campero-type costume is made of cotton fabric because it is used for the coastal area; the ranch outfit is a combination of cotton fabric that is comfortable for work but also wears a leather jacket, to withstand inclement weather; finally, the gala dress is made of leather and is used to attend social events.

Source: Offices of the Governor, Civic Development Office

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