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Music and dance

North Zone

The dances of the north of Tamaulipas (polka, redova and chotis), Although derived from a series of styles of Polish, Scottish and Czechoslovak origin, they have been assimilated by the people who adopted them as their own and have given them more movement and joy, vibrating in them the personality and the wild and virile character that is reflected in the agile and strong zapateado of the dancers, as well as in the grace and coquetry of their women.

His music is played with the accordion, under sixth, saxophone and double bass, which makes it unmistakable.

The polka

The movements of the dancers are strong and cheerful. It is danced with a strong zapateado on the part of the man, whereas the women do faldeos to give him greater enhancement and coquetería to the dance.

This dance simulates a rhythmic gallop that is interrupted to change step and rhythm. The music that accompanies the polka is played with instruments such as the accordion, the saxophone, the bass sixth and the contrabass, typical of northern music.

The redova

It is a mixture of waltz with mazurka and runs in 3 / 4, in moderate and haughty time.

Its characteristic is the accentuation in the last time of compass with the help of the bass. The difference with the chotis is that this is binary, while the redova is ternary.

The redova has very precise and harmonious movements that run with majesty.

The chotis

It is an elegant and rhythmic dance that is executed with soft and moderate movements, marking a compass of 4 / 4.

The chotis is danced in pairs giving tapped stomps to the rhythm of the music, while they spin around and the choreography is repeated.

In Tamaulipas this dance was also merged with norteño music and other rhythms, resulting in a very happy and colorful dance.

Typical costume of the region

The clothing of the female northern folklore is made of checkered or flowered cotton fabric; Blouse and skirt includes ornaments based on lace, olanes and pasalistones, and on the head a long braid with ribbons or a scarf in the color of the dress. In the case of men, jeans are styled in dark colors (tergal or denim), denim shirt, bandana or scarf, booty and dark colored northern hat.

Downtown area

In the center of the state, within the mountain area of ​​San Carlos, the traditional music of the pillory, accompanied by dances and performed to the sound of the tambora and the clarinet.

The music and dance typical of this region is known as "picota" and has its origin in the Villa de San Carlos, located in the mountains that served as a refuge for the indigenous groups that fled from the colonizers. The word pillory means "high stick" or "column", where the inmates were exposed to the public shame to the martial rhythm of the drum and clarinet. Over time the people adopt this music, coupling it with the happy and moving rhythms characteristic of our state. The instruments that are used for the execution of this genre are the clarinet and the tambora, which are enough to awaken the taste of the dancers. The dance that accompanies it has mestizo reminiscences. In the region, to announce the party, the musicians go up early to touch the hill and the penetrating and intense sound announces to the inhabitants that the party will start. Everyone feels invited.

Typical costume of the region

In the case of the clothing of this area, it is made from the beginning in blanket fabric. The woman wears a v-neck and short sleeves, with the length of the skirt up to the ankle; a band at the waist that ends with a bow at the back and applications on the dress that are usually ribbons of color with frets; likewise, a long braid and white flowers of Nacahua are styled. The man wears laces on the neck of the shirt and wears a band at the waist the color of the woman's dress. Both can wear huaraches or dance barefoot.

Huasteca region

In the southwest region, a semi-desert zone where the first missions were based in the state, there are still religious dances "standing and riding", as well as processional dances that involve a complex community organization for their organization. In this region you have the tradition of huapango, which is usually played by local troubadours, who usually represent the state in cultural festivals related to that musical genre. It's music to dance on a wooden platform. Within the broad huapangos content of our Huasteca region, there are characteristic sonar rhythms in which the languor of the violin stands out, and the rhythmic rhythm of the jarana and fifth guitar, which integrates with the singer's toned voice, awakens the sensibility of who listens

For their part, the Huastec troubadours sublimate us with the beauty of their trovos and the lexicon characteristic of the region, showing, in the versification of each of their tenths, a wonderful and unique innate poetic capacity.

Typical costume of the region

In this region, the fabrics used for making the regional costume vary: the campero suit is made of cotton fabric because it is used for the coastal zone; the ranchero suit is a combination of comfortable cotton fabric for work but also wears a leather jacket, to withstand the inclemency of the weather; Finally, the gala costume is made of leather and used to attend social events.

Source: Offices of the Governor, Civic Development Office

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