The head of the municipality was founded 8 May 1757 by Captain Domingo de Ungaza under the invocation of Our Lady of Gregoria, with the name of Villa Real de Borbón or Cerro de Santiago. It settled at the foot of Cerro de Santiago. With a population of 160 people coming from San Antonio de los Llanos and Linares, Nuevo León.
The current name of Villagran was given to him in honor of the insurgent hero Julián de Villagran, being governor of the state Don Lucas Fernández, by decree of the 15 of November of 1827.
Chronology of historical events
- 1757 The May 8, the Villa Real de Borbón was founded by Julián de Villagran.
- 1827 The name of Villagran is assigned in honor of Julián de Villagran.
- Juan Crisóstomo Doria (1839-1869) Lawyer and military. In January, 1869 was appointed provisional governor of Hidalgo.
- Maximino González (1812) Insurgent
- Abdón Rodríguez Sánchez Professor and trade union politician
To Benito Juárez, located in the main square (Juárez); and the heroes of Independence, located in the Plaza de la Costitución.
Temple of Our Lady of Conception, built during the eighteenth century.
There is an archaeological center, where you can see ruins of pre-Hispanic culture.
The 8 of May celebrates the founding of the town, with charrería, palo encebado, buried rooster, jaripeo and ribbons.
The municipal head is located at the coordinates 42º22'07 "north latitude and 0º57'00" west longitude; at a height of 318 meters above sea level. It is located in the western part of the state and borders the state of Nuevo León to the north; to the south with the municipality of Hidalgo; to the east with San Carlos and to the west with Mainero and the state of Nuevo León. Its territorial extension is 1233.42 square kilometers, which represents 1.79% of the total area of the entity.
It is integrated by 34 localities, of which the most important are: Villagrán, Garza Valdez Station, Lucio Blanco Ejido, Purísima Floreña, Miguel Hidalgo, San Lázaro and Ranchería Juárez.
The hydrological resources of the municipality are represented by the runoffs from the Sierra Madre Oriental, belonging to the Río Purificación basin. In addition crossing the territory, on the average portion, the Pilón River is located; to the south, the Santa Lucia River that crosses from west to east.
On the slopes of Barlovento, the climate is semi-warm with an annual average temperature greater than 18ºC, hot summer above 22ºC and extremes with oscillations between 10º and 14ºC. In the area furthest from the Sierra Madre, the climate is classified as dry steppe, with a temperature below 22.9ºC, with fresh winter, annual average temperature between 18º and 22ºC; the rain regime is in summer and is extreme.
Because it is located in the foothills of the Sierra Madre, it has two relief classes. The southwest, covering eight percent of the territory, the surface is rugged; the rest is a slightly wavy sloping plan. In it the Cerros San Antonio and Magueyes are located.
Classification and land use
The unit of the predominant soil of the municipality is the castañosem calcic, with certain aptitude for agriculture. Of the total surface, corresponds 42, 716 hectares to the ejidal regime, distributed in 31 population centers and 103, 784 hectares to the small property; the use is fundamentally agricultural.
Flora and fauna
The vegetation of the municipality appears in three associations, in the mountainous part, in a small portion, deciduous forests; On the windward slope, it is high shrub subinerme and the largest extension of the municipality is covered with thorny high scrub.
The fauna is considered as minor; Its main animals are white-tailed deer, wild boar, badger, rabbit, doves, ducks, geese, white-tailed dove and rattlesnake.Suggest Edition