Soto the Navy
The 3 of September of 1750, Don José de Escandón founded the Villa de Soto la Marina under the invocation of Our Lady of the Conception and the holy martyrs, Celedonio and Emeterio. Originally it was located in an immediate place to a stream of good water and that at the moment takes the name of the Old Navy, being its first settlers two hundred twenty-five, including soldiers. The mission of the Villa was called the infesto, which means upright, elevated; or land that is at the foot of a height; This mission was founded with the most pure Conception as patroness and Father Buenaventura Ruíz Esparza as administrator. In the year of 1810, the residents of Soto la Marina changed the location of the Villa to the place where it is currently upstream, moved by an epidemic of yellow fever that decimated the population.
The 15 of April of 1817, Francisco Javier Mina disembarked in Barra del Rio Soto La Marina to assist the insurgent movement in Mexico. When the Villa was occupied, the first printing press in Tamaulipas was installed in it, currently preserved in the City of Monterrey, Nuevo León.
Chronology of historical events
- 1750 The September 3 Don José de Escandón founds the Villa de Soto la Marina.
- 1757 Captain Bernardo Vidal Buscarrons makes a statement before José Cuervo Store on June 22; that there was installation for boats on the coast of the Colony and that in the Port of Santander only brigantines, packers, sloops and schooners were going to do it in some seasons of the year.
- 1810 The residents of Soto La Marina move, with authorization from the viceroy, upstream because of an epidemic of yellow fever that struck the lower region of the river in 1802. The new Villa was located on land donated by the City Council under the charge of Mr. Mariano Escandón, who was the owner on that date of Sierra Gorda County.
- 1817 Francisco Javier Mina disembarks the 15 of April in aid of the insurgents and occupies the Villa the 22 of April.
- 1824 Agustín de Iturbide, accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel Carlos Beneski, Polish, disembarks in the afternoon of the 5 of July with the purpose of assuming the political direction of the Country; later they were apprehended by the forces of the Licenciado and General Felipe de la Garza, who led them to the Villa de Soto La Marina, being the 17 of July when Felipe de la Garza took steps to shoot Iturbide, who requested that his fate be defined by the Legislature of the State, request that was granted to him, transferring it to Padilla where the 19 of July was shot.
- 1832 Felipe de la Garza dies in Soto La Marina.
- Felipe de la Garza. Military, participated notably in the war against the first empire. He apprehended and executed Agustín de Iturbide in Padilla (now Nuevo Padilla). He also participated in the site of Isidro Barrada in Tampico. (1798-1832)
- Manuel Gómez Pedraza. Military, brilliant speaker and politician. He held the office of president of the republic in the year of 1832. (1789-1851)
- Anselmo Hinojosa. Heroic insurgent.
- Rafael Villarreal.Deputy and Governor. (1933-1935)
Monument to Agustín de Iturbide that indicates the place where he was prisoner, located in the ranch "El Chamal". Monument to Benito Juárez located on the esplanade of the municipal palace (Plaza Juárez).
The house of General de la Garza, built during the third decade of the 19th century; helmet of the hacienda "El Chamal" of the 18th century; In it, Iturbide stopped when he was on his way to Padilla.
In Holy Week the regional fair is held. During the celebration there are popular dances, fishing tournaments, mechanical games fair and sale of products of the region.
Venison and boar meat stewed in various forms.
Palm-based products such as chairs, baskets and luggage, bristle work such as bosalillos and slings and nylon and rope jaquimas.
The municipality is located in the central portion of the territory of the State, on the coastal strip, within the basin of the Soto La Marina river. Villa Soto La Marina is located at the coordinates 27º47 'north latitude and 90º12' west longitude to 25 meters above sea level, the municipality limits the municipality of San Fernando to the north; to the south with that of Aldama; to the east with the Gulf of Mexico and to the west with the municipalities of Abasolo and Casas.
Its territorial extension is of 6,422.14 square kilometers that represents the 7.63% of the total surface of the state, occupying the second place in the table of municipal extensions. It is integrated by 304 localities, of which the most important are: Villa de Soto La Marina (municipal seat), La Peña, Nombre de Dios, Tampiquito, La Pesca, La Zamorina, Lavaderos and Cinco de Mayo.
Within the municipality is located the basin of the Soto La Marina river, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico forming its estuary with numerous lagoons. Its tributaries are the streams Legardo, El Pegregón and Palmas, and the most important are in the coastal region, being them the Laguna Madre, the Laguna de Morales and the Almagre, which are communicated to the sea by the river. There are other runoffs within the municipality, such as the La Misión stream, the San Rafael river and the Carricitos river.
It is characterized by having three types of climates. In the northern portion, covering an 25% of the area, the climate is BS (h ') KW (e) according to Koopen, modified by Garcia for the national territory, which means that it is the least dry of the steppe, warm with average temperature higher than 22º C and rain regime in summer; and extreme, with oscillations between 7ºC and 14ºC.
In most of the territory the BS (h ') W (e) climate is present, that is dry steppe, very warm with an average annual temperature higher than 22ºC, corresponding to the central coastal part of the municipality. To the southwest, the climate is (a) c (wo) to (e), registering over the Tamaulipas range with the following characteristics: semi-warm, with rainfall in summer, warm summer, with average temperature above 18º C, extremes .
The following forms of relief are presented: the rugged area of the southwest called Sierra de Tamaulipas, the mountain called San José de las Rusias and known as the Sierra de los Martínez.
Classification and land use
In most of the territory, the soil type is rendzina, with a high aptitude for agricultural use; at the center of the municipality the soil is chernozem, considered as poor and not suitable for agriculture; to the southwest, on the Sierra de Tamaulipas, the soil is podzolic lithosol, considered mountainous and forestry. With regard to land tenure, 233,784 hectares correspond to the ejidal regime, distributed in 54 ejidos and 298,334 hectares to the small property.
Flora and fauna
In the northern portion there is the high and low thorny scrub; On the banks of the river, the deciduous forest or sclerociculifolia and on the coasts are associations of zacatonales. There is variety in the flora, formed by ebony tepehuaje, mesquite, huizache, huayacán, nacahua, barreta, real palm, cerón, willow and pincer, most common vegetal species; besides nopales, pitallo, biznaga, cat's claw, tasajillo, granjeno, cruiser, ash, palmalero, cholera and chaparro prieto, like thorny bushes.
The fauna is formed by deer, boar, coyote, lynx, duck, rabbit and hare.Suggest Edition