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Old Morelos

Introduction

Population founded the 6 of May of 1821 with the name of Baltazar, in the place where the Congregation of Santa Bárbara was based from 1751.

By decree of the 27 of September of 1828, issued by the State Congress, he was granted the title of Villa Morelos, in honor of the caudillo of the Independence Don José María Morelos y Pavón. From 1860 it is known as Old Morelos, when Villa de Nuevo Morelos was founded.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1821 The May 6 was founded with the name of Baltazar.
  • 1828 He was granted the title of Villa Morelos.
  • 1860 It took the name of Antiguo Morelos.

Architectural monuments

Temple of San José, dating from the nineteenth century, located on the west side of the main square.

Popular parties

From the 18 to the 31 of March, a festivity celebrated with cockfights, horse races, jaripeos, dances, sones and huapangos.

Location

The Municipality is located in the southern portion of the State of Tamaulipas. It borders to the North with the municipalities of Ocampo and Mante; to the South with the State of San Luis Potosí; to the East with the municipality of Mante and to the West with that of Nuevo Morelos.

It has a territorial extension of 561.30 square kilometers, which represents the 0.89% of the total of the entity and is located between the 22º 23' 10'' parallels of North latitude and 0º 30'' of West longitude, at an altitude of 43 meters above sea level. The municipality is integrated by 178 localities, among which are: Old Morelos (Municipal Head), Fortines, Praxedis Guerrero, Las Flores, Emiliano Zapata, Free Mexico, San Isidro, Old Town, El Refugio, El Sauz and Lic. Adolfo López Mateos.

Hydrography

The hydrological resources are the stream El Tempemole, El Lagarto, La Pimienta and Santa Lucía, which converge on the Gatas River.

Weather

The climate is warm humid and extensive, the average annual temperature is of 26ºC. with oscillations between 10 and 14ºC.
The average annual rainfall is between the 1,200 and 1,500 millimeters.

Orography

It is represented in an 60% by strong slopes, with heights up to 750 meters above sea level, and west with a height of 200 meters above sea level.

Classification and land use

The main components of the soil are regosol, calcium and rendizina; also in the flat region of the municipality there are arcillolimosos and sandy soils, apt for agriculture.

Flora and fauna

The medium forest prevails, in its majority thorny crasirosurifolio scrub and in the western part the high thorny scrub is located. Within the forest resources, timber species common to the tropics predominate, such as: Chaca, Palo de Rosa, Orejón and Palma.

The fauna is very varied because you can find birds and small mammals such as puma, coyote, wild boar, wildcat, rabbit and white-tailed deer, among other species.

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