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Ocampo

Introduction

Population founded by José de Escandón 19 of May of 1749 with the name of Santa Bárbara, in the place called Tanguachín, place where 460 families of Valleys had been established, to which several indigenous ranches were added. It was his first captain Juan Francisco Barberena, with political and military jurisdiction over the town. When joining the expedition of Escandón to colonize the New Santander, Tomás de Soto was left as lieutenant of the town. The following year, the mission of Igollo was established, which brought together indigenous peoples of the groups Pames and Janambres, and was administered by the religious Francisco Escandón y Helguera, brother of the count of Sierra Gorda.

In 1757, the village had 479 inhabitants dedicated to agriculture, "who supplied corn to many parts of the colony and also took it out to sell" and was surrounded by ranches dedicated to livestock. Due to a flood that they suffered in 1757, the village and the mission were changed to the site where they are currently located.

In 1770 the villa had 550 inhabitants, not counting the children; the mission of Our Lady of the Solitude of Igollo congregated to 243 indigenous Pames and to six families of pizones; his religious, Joaquín Blanco, of the Custody of Tampico, continued with the work of the temple "whose plant is magnificent and beautiful".

Santa Bárbara, for its wealth, received the name of Vergel de Tamaulipas. From 1869, the town was called Ocampo, in memory of the illustrious reformer Melchor Ocampo and in 1898 it was elevated to the city category.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1749 The May 19, the population is founded by José de Escandón with the name of Santa Bárbara.
  • 1757 The village and the mission were moved due to a flood they suffered.
  • 1869 He was named Ocampo.
  • 1898 It rose to the category of city.

Illustrious people

  • Eduardo Martínez (1898-1961) founder of the Sol del Centro, Sol Durango and Sol Tampico
  • Rufino Muñiz Torres (1909-) Master and researcher of Archeology
  • Venustiano Guerra García (1914-) Lawyer and teacher
  • Nereo Olvera Guerrero (1915-) Doctor, researcher.

Archaeological monuments

La Alberca, a place that has an archaeological nucleus. Also, pre-Hispanic remains are found in Palo Blanco, Las Vacas, Alamar del Platanito, Las Villas Librado Rivera and in the ejido of Altamira.

Architectural monuments

Parish of Santa Bárbara Mártir, built in 1756; for fifty years it was considered one of the most solid works of the colonial Tamaulipas, it is made with limestone and volcanic stone of the split hill; Casa de Águila, civil work carried out in 1840, clearly shows the continuity of the neoclassical in the State; the mission of Our Lady of the Solitude of Igollo, was made in 1749 in the Valley of Tanguanchín and looted in the war of Independence until leaving only the walls, later it happened to be campo-santo.

Popular parties

The 4 in December celebrates the patron saint, Santa Bárbara, with mañanitas, native dances such as the baile del caballito; December's 24 celebrates the corn fair with pyrotechnic games, dances and music.

In December 12 in Colonia de Guadalupe, a small stone image of the Virgin of Guadalupe is venerated, she is danced with dance paintings on foot and on horseback.

legends

There is the hill that is full of volcanic stone as a result of the eruption of a volcano (it is not known when this event occurred). The legend tells that in this place there is a great treasure that many people have gone to look for and dazzled before him, when they propose to take something there is a voice that says "All or Nothing"; If the person does not obey this signaling, it is sure that he will die there.

Traditions

The 4 of December, the day of Santa Barbara, the religious fervor overflows and the people take advantage of the occasion to take to baptize, confirm or make the first communion to their children; It is also celebrated with pyrotechnic games. The 19 of May anniversary of the founding of Ocampo, and in Easter visit to the virgin of Guadalupe.

Foods

Pepitoria sweets, sesame piloncillo with peanuts, pips and anise, pumpkin in paila, ponteduro, chorizo ​​with egg, pork roast, corn leaf tamales, oven fruit (arepitas and morelianas).

Drinks Atole nalgón (is a kind of flan made with raw honey from cane), atole of corn from a tile (sunflower).

Handicrafts

Wooden furniture with handmade inlays with chisel and guibias, saddles, chaps, stilettos in the form of quarters and some fabrics in cloth, clay comales, fabric chairs with palm and brooms known throughout the region.

Location

Ocampo is located in the southwestern part of the Entity, it has a territorial extension of 1,761.88 square kilometers, which represents 2.42 percent of the total of the State. It is part of the regional system of the Guayalejo river basin.

It borders to the North with the Municipalities of Tula and Jaumave; to the South with the State of San Luis Potosí and the Municipalities of Antiguo and Nuevo Morelos; to the East with Gómez Farías and Mante and to the west with Tula and San Luis Potosí.

The municipal seat is located in the city of Ocampo, between the parallels 22º50 'of north latitude and 99º22' of west longitude, at a height of 1,173 meters above sea level. It is integrated by 151 localities, among the main ones are: Ocampo, Canoas, Las Flores, La Muralla, El Pesil, Ricardo Flores Magón, and Santa María de Guadalupe, town Adolfo López Mateos, ejido Tanlajas, Praxedis G. Guerrero.

Hydrography

The hydrography forms the surface current of the river Canoas or Santa Bárbara whose origin is in the Sierra Madre Oriental and its direction, northwest-southeast, allows it to flow into the Guayalejo River, reason why the Municipality is located in the basin of said River.

Weather

The predominant climate is of extreme semi-warm type, with rains in summer. The average rainfall is of the order of the 80 millimeters and the average temperatures are of 23ºC, the minimum of 0ºC and the maximum of 43ºC.

Orography

Its orography shows a 55 percent of strong slopes taking preference their human settlements in the valleys that form in the Sierra Madre Oriental with an average altitude of 350 meters above sea level, reaching in the most rugged parts heights of 1,500 meters above the sea level.

Classification and land use

The lands of the Municipality are suitable for agriculture; its soil is formed by lithosol and in a minimum part by pelic vertisol. With regard to land tenure, 73,658 hectares correspond to the ejidal regime distributed in 35 ejidos and 119,603 hectares to the small property.

Flora and fauna

The vegetation that appears in the high parts (western portion), is of deciduous forest and scleroaciculifolio, combined with deciduous forest. In the lower parts (the east), it is low deciduous forest.

The fauna is composed of small mammals such as: armadillo, rabbit, wild boar, hare, wildcat, wild turkey and white-tailed deer.

It should be noted that in the municipality there are endangered species such as tinamou, canelo, cojolita, black bear, jaguar, tiger, cougar, ocelot and deer temazate.

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