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Miquihuana

Introduction

The town of Miquihuana, was founded the 14 of May of 1849, with the name of congregation of San Juan de Miquihuana, by decree of the same date signed by the Governor Jesus Cárdenas; On the other hand, the 29 of June of 1849 the General Antonio Canales, surveyor, appointed by the Government of the State, was built at the point known as "the Miquihuana" for the purpose of delimiting the land of the Villa, in that act it was accompanied by C. Francisco Nava first mayor of the Villa de Bustamante who served as judge.

At that time, the Villa de Miquihuana line was made from east to west and from south to north, giving the streets the measure of 20 varas, and the lots of 33 varas in front and 50 varas in the background. The founders of the Villa were in addition to General Antonio Canales, 183 families, 95 from the state of Nuevo León and 85 from Tamaulipas and 3 from San Luis Potosí.

Chronology of historical events

  • The June 01 of 1913 Villa de Miquihuana was taken by some 300 followers of General Alberto Carrera Torres, looting public buildings, setting fire to the bell file and a store.
  • On the 03 day of the same month they were attacked by Corporal 1º, Febronio Salazar with Huertist forces at his command. Lugo of three hours of hard fought combat institutionalists were evicted leaving 14 dead people, 23 horses and some accoutrements.
  • The mother of General Alberto Carrera Torres, Mrs. Juana Torres helped to recover from his injuries to former President Eulalio Gutiérrez, in the La Marcela Ejido camp.

Historical monuments

The church of San Juan Bautista, whose construction began the 20 of October of 1855, same that once concluded and over the course of time deteriorated, notwithstanding the maintenance and reconstructions, the ceilings have collapsed, only the main facade is the one that is kept in good condition, as well as a painting on one of its walls dating from 1864.

Popular parties

The 24 day in June is celebrated on the day of San Juan Bautista, the patron saint of the town at the municipal seat, the feast of this patron saint starts from the 20 day and ends generally on the 30 day of the same month, at these festivities the presence of traditional dances on foot and horse, pastorelas, floral offerings, burning of gunpowder and quermeses.

In the Ejido San Jose del Llano to 23 Km., From the municipal seat the 6 day of July is celebrated to the Patron Saint of the sweet name of Jesus, which is carried out the veneration with traditional dances, pastorelas etc.

Traditions and customs

The December 24 takes place the birth of Child God which is venerated with a pastoral where it represents the power of good and evil.

The Holy Week takes place with the target shooting piloncillo and kite, people can not ride a horse because according to the beliefs they ride the Lord (Jesus of Nazareth).

Walk to Santo San Isidro Labrador for the plots, for the beliefs that is the Lord of the rain as well as the proxy of the crops for it the people each 15 of May celebrates it.

Handicrafts

Women and men have great manual skills, elaborate products with material from the region such as: ixtle fiber backpacks, clotheslines, brushes, bibs, sweaters, sledgehammers, hammocks, scouring pads, as well as women make clothing products such as are: tablecloths, towels, napkins, clothing, belts. Etc.

Regional candies

Sweet of prickly pear, date jam

Location

The territorial extension of the Municipality is of 1,055.88 square kilometers, that represents the 1.13% of the state surface, It adjoins to the north and the west with the state of Nuevo Leon; to the south with the municipality of Bustamante and to the east with that of Jaumave. The head is located in the town of Miquihuana, between the 23º33 'north latitude and the 99º48' west longitude, at an altitude of 1.892 meters above sea level.

Hydrography

In the municipality there are six springs; in the municipal capital there are two, Ojo de agua and Gaspar's Eye of water, which supply the population, located at 600 meters and six kilometers, respectively, from the municipal seat. There are intermittent streams with some human settlements near non-permanent natural water eyes.

Weather

Temperate and extreme weather with rains in summer, towards the northeast; tempered intermediate and extreme in the northeast and southeast center portion. The minimum temperatures are of 4ºC and the maximum of 41ºC.

The rainfall regime is from July to September with rainfall from 500 to 700 millimeters; the hottest months are from May to August, with the dominant direction being that of the southeast and southwest winds, except in winter, which predominates in the north.

Orography

It has three characteristic features of relief: the rugged areas that are located northeast of the municipality, with slopes ranging between 30 and 50 percent of cerrile or steep land, covering 77.35 percent of the municipal area; the semi-flat zones, located to the southeast and formed by lands with slopes of the 6 percent and that cover approximately the 14.44 percent remaining.

Classification and land use

The soil is mountainous and forest (90 percent litosoly and xerosol). In the far southeast litosol.

In land tenure, most belong to small property with 71,928 hectares, followed by ejido property with 32,820 hectares.

Flora and fauna

From the north to the east, the aciculfolio forest is located; the rest of the municipality covers a vegetation of thorny scrub and scrub under thorny.

At the top of the Sierra Madre, there is the bear, white-tailed deer and tiger.

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