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Population founded with the name of Mier, the 6 of March of 1753, under the invocation of the Purísima Concepción, by José de Escandón, in the site called Paso del Cántaro, with families from Camargo and Cerralvo. The political and military command was conferred on Cap. José Florencio Chapa.

In 1757, families from the new kingdom of León had already been added to the population, "encouraged by the enjoyment of the lands that marked by terms the new population, as well as the freedom of rights ..." ascending their neighborhood to 39 families with 274 people. The rooms were scattered and were built of mud and stone or mud horcones, "... only the captain has carved a house of lime and song, low and with roof". The economic base of the inhabitants was the cattle ranch and sale of baits, wool and skins, of whose profits they bought the "corn that they lack".

In 1770, the village had 65 inhabitants and the mission of Mier congregated 101 indigenous called "herons" administered by a religious of the Apostolic College of Guadalupe, Zacatecas. Between 1780 and 1784, the lieutenant of the colonial militia forces and greater justice of this town, Santiago Barrera, ordered the construction of the temple to begin.

In 1843, Toribio de la Torre said that the Indians of the Mier mission "have been very useful against the incursions of the barbarians who frequently ravage the border." The 26 of December of 1842, in this town the Texan forces under the command of Williams S. Ficher, that had invaded the border of the town were defeated.

In 1934 Mier is cleared from border customs.

In 1950, almost half of the municipality's lands were segregated to create Miguel Alemán's.

In 1952 the Municipality gives land for the human settlements of "New Guerrero City".

Chronology of historical events

  • 1753 6 March foundation of the first population center.
  • 1842 26 of December, rejection of the North American filibusters.
  • 1846 rejection of the American invasion, by the forces commanded by General Servando Canales.

Illustrious people

  • Guadalupe Rodrigo Canales Ch. (1875-1964) Military and revolutionary.
  • José María Canales.
  • José María García Salinas. "El Cantareño".
  • Matías Guerra First Constitutional Governor of Mier in the State.
  • Andrés Osuna Hinojosa Acting Governor of the State.
  • Carlos Osuna de León (1888-1923) Signed the Plan of Guadalupe, military and revolutionary.
  • Coronel Cristóbal Ramírez Salinas. He participated in the battle of 1842.
  • Francisco Ramírez Canales. Featured mentor
  • Francisco T. Villarreal. (1892-1978) Lawyer and politician.

Historical monuments

Between the streets Terán and Allende, JH Palacios Street is the house that served as a prison for the Texan prisoners when they tried in vain to form the Border Republic, trusting in the disarticulation of the Country, finding an absolute nationalism.

Architectural monuments

Church of the Immaculate Conception, colonial style founded in 1755 and adorned with a delicate work of ardent stone; House of Culture, in the same style with baroque ornaments, built in 1864; House of Justice Mayor, of the same style, built in 1850; the bridges of Juan Méndez, San Juan, and Hidalgo built in the years of 1830 and 1850, respectively, are a sample of the engineering of the time; as well as the House of Columns.

Popular parties

In Mier City, in March, the fair and agricultural and livestock exhibition, during which events of different kinds such as bullfights, horse races, famous in the north of the Republic, cockfights, exhibition and sale of regional products. Also, the 24 day of June is celebrated as a religious festival of San Juan and on December 8, the Purísima Concepción, patron saint of this picturesque city.


The one of Don Miguel Barrera Guerra, who after his death came for his wife as he had promised in life at a fixed date.


Kid to the shepherd, roasted and crushed meat.


The Municipality of Mier is located in the northeastern part of the State of Tamaulipas, (it does not belong to any subregion, it is part of Tamaulipas).

It has an area of ​​888.35 square kilometers, which presents the 1.3 percent of the total state.

It borders to the North with the Municipality of Guerrero; to the South and West with the State of Nuevo León and to the East with the United States of North America and with the Municipality of Miguel Alemán.

The municipal head, Ciudad Mier, is located at coordinates 26º25'44 "of north latitude and 99º08'55" of west longitude, at a height of 80 meters above sea level. The municipality is integrated by 43 localities, of which the most important are: Ciudad Mier, La Barranca, La Loma and La Reforma.


The Municipality belongs to the Rio Grande basin, whose channel serves as the boundary with the United States. It is the main hydrological resource, besides the Alamo River that is near Ciudad Mier.


The predominant climate in the municipality is BSº CH'HW "(e), that is, the driest of the steppes with minimum temperatures of 4ºC and maximum of 47ºC, with the presence of caniculae and steppe. The average rainfall is of 500 millimeters.


The surface of the Municipality is considered like semiplana, with smooth slopes in direction west to this.

Classification and land use

There are two types of soil: eutric fluisol in an 65 percent in the eastern part, and chestnut zem calcic, in an 35 percent, in the western part. These characteristics of the soils, make the Municipality an area suitable for agriculture that, together with livestock are the main uses.

Flora and fauna

Most of the surface of the Municipality has a semi-arid type vegetation, with sub-inerous medium scrub and in the lower parts, pastures cultivated for the maintenance of the cattle, the xerophytes offer a surprising variety, emphasizing the opuntia which in time of drought serves as support for livestock.

In the line of fauna there is a wide variety of birds such as white wing pigeon, geese, ducks, white tail deer, wild boar, rabbit, hare, badger, rabón cat, armadillo, coyote and large variety of falconids.

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