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Matamoros

Introduction

What we know today as Matamoros was founded in 1774 when 12 settlers from Camargo and one from Reynosa decided to establish their ranches in this place and bought 113 cattle sites.

At 1793, two Catholic missionaries of the Order of the Franciscans of the Convent of Guadalupe, Zacatecas, Francisco Pueyes and Manuel Julio Silva, arrived and moved the plaza some two blocks south of its original place. They make the new stroke in the Spanish style: one hundred yards to the four winds, to the east, the church; to the west, the cabildo; and in the north and south, the main neighbors. They found the parish and baptized the place as the Congregation of Our Lady of Refuge, as well as a mission for the Indians.

Ignacio Anastasio de Ayala and his wife had a son: Calixto de Ayala, married to Juana Josefa Girón, who, when Don Calixto died, decided to fulfill his last will and in his testament relinquished the land on which the Congregation of Our Lady of Refuge was based. that the neighbors built their homes, later the inhabitants called it "El Refugio". For 1800 El Refugio had grown a lot and the neighbors named Don Cayetano Girón as mayor who immediately began construction of the Town Hall (Presidencia Municipal), in addition to the Plaza de Armas.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1686 The June 12 was founded the first town with the name of Beautiful Estuaries.
  • 1774 Change name to San Juan de los Esteros Hermosos.
  • 1793 Catholic Missionaries give it the category of Congregation of Our Lady of the Refuge of Esteros.
  • 1797 The first mayor of the City Council is appointed, which was Don Callista de Avala.
  • 1814 The 7 of October, the neighbors of the place request to change the population a little to the south, to avoid the threat of the river.
  • 1820 The first fluvial port is founded.
  • 1823 The 6 of May, is built locally for customs.
  • 1826 The 28 of January, it was declared high port and it is granted the title of Villa.
  • 1829 General Mier y Terán is appointed military commander, with residence in this port.
  • 1846 The March 18, US and Mexican troops clash at the Battle of Palo Alto giving rise to the war with the US
  • 1847 Camilo Manzo dies at the Battle of Angostura.
  • 1851 The October 22 day are rejected, by the army and the people, the filibusters and Mexicans who tried to form the Republic of the Rio Grande, protected by the Plan de la Loba.

Illustrious people

  • Alberto J. Arguelles Historian and Geographer
  • Calixto De Ayala Founder of Matamoros
  • Lucio Blanco Revolutionary wrestler performs the first agrarian deal.
  • Caledonio Junco De La Vega Playwright and journalist
  • Guadalupe Mainero He was governor of Tamaulipas in 1856-1901.
  • Norberto Treviño Zapata Governor of Tamaulipas in 1957-1963.
  • Lauro Villar Ochoa General who defended Madero when the tragic decade began.
  • Leopoldo Palacios He built defense board, musician.
  • Joaquin Argüelles De Los Santos Coy Lawyer and politician (1827-1958)
  • Manuel F. Rodríguez Brayda Poet and promoter of medicine and literature.

Historical monuments

To Benito Juárez and Hidalgo, located in the plaza in front of the municipal palace, to Mariano Matamoros located at the exit of the highway to Monterrey; Children Heroes, next to the Civil Hospital.

Architectural monuments

The Cross house, colonial style and French architecture, built in 1885. Mata house museum, which was a barracks at the time of the colony, built in 1845, Theater of the Reformation today rebuilt, began to build in 1864, had a mechanical system to horizontally place the floor of the room and be formed well, a room for big celebrations. The Cross house, colonial style and French architecture, built in 1885. Mata house museum, which was a barracks at the time of the colony, built in 1845, Theater of the Reformation today rebuilt, began to build in 1864, had a mechanical system to horizontally place the floor of the room and be formed well, a room for big celebrations.

Artworks

ArtePintor Bartolomé Mongrell portraitist, Onésimo Gallardo promoter and theater producer, Rigo Tovar, musician, Lorenzo Hinojosa.

Literature, music and poetry

In the literary genre, Manuel Barrera Arguelles with two of his works, Candentes and Jesús Erasmo Garza and his Books: The Logic of Facts and the Russia of Mexico; Aurelio González Carrasco, with his works entitled Mariposas y Sargenta; Manuel López Padrón and his book: introduction to philosophy; in the poetic genre Ramón M. Cavazos stand out, with the poems, Vida, Evocación and Nuevo Laredo; Juan José de la Garza with, Serenata and Schubert; José Arrese; his book: Prosas Rimadas; Manuel F. Rodríguez Brayda, his book Sonatas Multiformes; Eliseo Paredes, Tribute to the Founders.

Popular parties

Mexican festivities are held in February with an international parade and participation of civil authorities, sporting hunting and fishing tournaments, with national and foreign participation. The most popular are: Of the white wing pigeon, as well as the croaker tournament and various species. The expo-festival, agricultural and livestock exhibition with popular fair in the months of August and September.

legends

The woman with the Golden Bolo. Once a woman came to a store that she thought was the owner's wife, but he said no one had arrived. With time it was said that in that house they were scared and with time the skeleton of a woman was found buried near the ferris wheel.

Foods

Dry meat, flour tortillas, roasted meat. Here the Nachos were born

Traditional costumes

Texas style hat, jeans, booties and plaid shirt for women and men.

Location

The municipality of Matamoros is located in the northeastern part of the state of Tamaulipas, 25º 52'de northern latitude and 97º30'de west longitude, with an altitude of 10 mts. above sea level. It adjoins to the north with the United States of North America, separated by the wild river; to the south with the municipality of San Fernando and Laguna Madre; to the east with the Gulf of Mexico and to the west with the municipalities of Rio Bravo and Valle Hermoso.

The municipal seat is Matamoros and the municipality has more than 468 localities, some of them with more than 5000 inhabitants such as: Control, Ramírez Station, Buena Vista, Las Rusias, Santa Adelaida, La Gloria, Sandoval, Mexico Agrario, 20 de November, Ignacio Zaragoza and the Union.

It has a territorial extension of 4,045.62 Km², which presents the 4.19% of the state of Tamaulipas.

Hydrography

The municipality belongs to the hydrological basin of the Rio Grande, which by means of an irrigation system fecundates the land and makes irrigation agriculture possible, the basis of the economy of the region. The main sources of water supply are the Rio Grande and the Tigre stream that has diversion dams, through channels and drains that bathe the region. It also has a series of freshwater and saltwater lagoons.

Weather

The characteristic ones are extreme, cold and hot. The cold climate predominates in the months of November to February with temperatures of up to 7ºC below zero and warm weather, in the months of March to September, with winds from the south and southeast and maximum temperatures of more than 40ºC, the area is exposed to cyclonic disturbances. The rainfall is 600 mm³. The characteristic ones are extreme, cold and hot. The cold climate predominates in the months of November to February with temperatures of up to 7ºC below zero and warm weather, in the months of March to September, with winds from the south and southeast and maximum temperatures of more than 40ºC, the area is exposed to cyclonic disturbances. The rainfall is 600 mm³.

Orography

In general, its orography is flat, which allows irrigation systems.

Classification and land use

The edaphological unit that predominates are vertisols. They are deep soils with a layer of organic matter; because of their clayey nature they tend to crack when they lack moisture. They are located in most of the 25 Irrigation District and have been operated with modern mechanisms for more than 40 years.

In the western area of ​​the municipal head, the Solonchak Glyco soil type is identified, which has a high salt content, hence the attack of saltpeter on the constructions of the area is also common. In some portions located to the south and southeast of said head, a soil of the luscious xerosol type is identified, characterized by a clear superficial layer and poor in organic matter; with clay deposits or carbonate and gypsum crystals.

Flora and fauna

Almost everything has been dismantled to dedicate the land to agriculture and livestock.

Within the flora there is a small portion of land of grassland and there are small bushes such as farmers, huisache, mesquite, ebony, anacua and palo blanco.

The fauna is constituted by infinity of bands of birds in which the quail and the white wing pigeon predominate. Coyote and opossum, route of the Monarch butterfly.

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