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Llera

Introduction

The December 25 of 1748 was founded by Colonel José de Escandón and Helguera, Count of Sierra Gorda, with the name of Llera to perpetuate the surname of his wife, Mrs. Josefa de Llera y Ballas. Later he added the channel, in honor of General Servando Canales, to form the name that currently leads, Llera de Canales. Its foundation was located in a place where there were already some indigenous barracks, with a total of 116 people, under the command of Captain José de Escajadillo. It is worth mentioning that Llera was the first Villa del Nuevo Santander (today Tamaulipas) within the colonization plan of Don José de Escandón.

His first religious authority was Fray Antonio Ignacio Ciprán and the first civil authority was Captain José de Escajadillo, chief of the squad and senior justice. Since its founding, it has always remained in the same geographical location, despite the fact that the 13 of November of 1831, the State Congress, by decree intended to change the municipal seat to lands of the Hacienda de Forlón, but due to the determined opposition on the part of the inhabitants not to leave the head, the state government was in need of repealing the decree.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1748 The 25 of December, the Villa de Llera is founded by Don José de Escandón.
  • 1760 The 26 of November, at the time of the colony, on the occasion of the swearing that as King was made of Carlos III, in Santander Jiménez, Escandón organized a great festivity, of which he gave notice to the Viceroy of New Spain.
    Of the 14 villas founded at that time, a number of people were sent from each of them, standing out the town of Llera, which participated with a good number of men.
  • 1877 In this year, the descendants of the janambres tribe took the town hall by storm.
  • 1906 The building of the municipal presidency was destroyed by a fire; In addition, some other houses were burned, a total of three blocks, so the town hall operated in private premises until the year of 1926, in which the new building is used, being the Municipal President Mr. Epitacio Cabrera.
  • 1916 The rebels of the sierra, commanded by General Eladio Medina, kidnapped the Municipal President Juan Balderas and the Secretary of the City Council surnamed Cisneros, originally from Ciudad Victoria, taking them to a town called Guadalupe, where they were shot.
  • 1917 The June 25, there was a strong confrontation between the official military departure of the people and the rebels, commanded by General Medina, losing the battle the first, so there was looting of trade, murders and robbery of women.
  • 1955 Being President Mr. Teodoro Sierra, there is a sharp split between the City Council and the state government, so at that time, Llera had two councils; the officer who operates in a private house on Calle Méndez, between Hidalgo and Juárez and the opponent in the official building.

Illustrious people

  • Praxedis R. Balboa Vera doctor and politician, was director of the General Hospital in Cd. Victoria
  • José Guadalupe Herrera intervened in the War of Reform.
  • José Ascensión Maldonado Martínez lawyer
  • José Martínez y Martínez the Charros de Llera Association, bears his name.
  • Genaro G. Ruíz teacher and journalist. The Federal Secondary School and the lodge, Asociación de Jóvenes Esperanza de la Fraternidad (AJEF) of Llera, bears his name.
  • José Soto great baseball player, participated in teams of the major leagues in the decade of the seventies.
  • Francisco G. Vargas participated in the War of Reform, in the army commanded by General Pedro José Méndez

Historical monuments

To Benito Juárez, Miguel Hidalgo and the National Flag, located in the main square Miguel Hidalgo.

Architectural monuments

The temple of Our Lady of the Rosary, whose construction began in the last years of the 18th century; La Clementina, built at the end of the 19th century; Exhaled from Forlón from the beginning of this century.

Popular parties

The most popular festivals are those of the 24 days of June, 7 of October and the 12 of December, to celebrate the days of San Juan, the patron saint of the Rosary, and the Virgin of Guadalupe, respectively. In each one of them, there is great hullabaloo, music, dance, dance, food and mañanitas.

Confectionery

They make pumpkin sweets, biznaga, milk, piloncillos with peanut and sesame, sweetened pumpkin, soap and the alfajor, which is a dough candy and piloncillo.

Traditional costumes

As for the male sex, the charro costume is worn; tight pants with buttons along the leg, shirt type chazarlilla or guayabera, wide-brimmed hat and pistol to the belt. This clothing is worn when there are charro parties or patriotic parades. The woman uses a wide suit of colorful colors, adorning her ears with beautiful earrings and her hair with elegant ribbons or scarves, which shine in charro festivities or patriotic parades. It dates from the time of the Colony.

Handicrafts

In rural areas and in the city, there are women who work clay. They make pots and comales. Others are dedicated to the manufacture of wooden chairs and chairs (pincers), palm brooms, women who make fine hooks in tablecloths, worsted fabrics, mañanitas and scarves.

Location

The Municipality of Llera is located in the middle portion of the state territory, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Tamaulipas, and belongs to the economic region of the center of the State. It borders to the North with the Municipalities of Victoria and Casas; to the South with those of Gómez Farías, Xicoténcatl and González; to the East with Casas and to the West with Victoria and Jaumave.

It has a territorial extension of 2,307.40 square kilometers, which represents 2.86 percent of the total surface of the State. It is located at coordinates 23º 20 'of north latitude and 99º 05' of west longitude, at an altitude of 291 meters above sea level. It is divided into 220 localities, the most important are: Villa de Llera (municipal seat), Ignacio Zaragoza, El Encino, Emiliano Zapata, Compuertas and La Alberca.

Hydrography

The Guayalejo River, of permanent flow, crosses the Municipality from West to East; It is enriched by the runoff from the streams of Santa Clara, Las Adjuntas and Lucio Blanco. The municipality has the El Módulo dam.

Weather

The climate in the western portion of the municipality is classified, according to Kooppen-García, as: (A) WC (W) (E), with the following characteristics: semi-warm with summer and extreme rains. In the middle portion, covering the greatest extension of the territory, the climate is BS (h) W (e) whose particularities are: dry steppe, very warm, with rainfall in summer and extreme. In a small portion to the east, the climate is (A) C (W) A (E), considered semi-warm. The temperature oscillates between the 7ºC and the 14ºC, in winter and summer respectively, the prevailing winds are those that come from the southeast.

Orography

The topographic characteristics in the territory of the Municipality are determined by the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra de Tamaulipas, located at opposite ends of the territory. Towards the center are located canyons and valleys on which settle the towns of the Municipality. In the central portion stand out the tables of Sandía, La Paz, Las Chinas, Potrero Escondido, San Fernando, Los Conos, El Pino, El Nuevo Paraiso, Garrabos and San Juan, as well as the Bernal, Bernal Grande and Bernal Chico hills. Las Trojes, La Clementina, La Escondida, Celenes, The Carabina Canyon and the Tachiqueras mountains, Lucio Blanco, Sierra Azul, Santa Clara, Guadalupe, La Cuchilla de San Pedro, San Agustín, El Otate, La Maroma, all belonging to the Sierra Madre Oriental, the relief in the municipality is rugged, and in its middle portion presents as a characteristic a high frequency of elevations.

Classification and land use

The predominant soil quality in the municipality is vertisol, with aptitude for agriculture. As for land tenure, the majority belongs to the regime of small property, following in importance the ejidal property.

Flora and fauna

The territory, due to its difference in levels and variations in climate, presents a great diversity of vegetation types, ranging from high thorn scrub in the foothills of the sierra, to the lower scrub and low deciduous deciduous forest in the central portion.

The fauna is composed of rabbit, hare, armadillo, wild boar, wild cat, wild turkey and badger, as well as white-tailed deer, black bear, jaguar and puma.

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