The head of the Municipality of Jiménez was founded the 17 of February of 1749, with the name of Santander and under the invocation of the five Lords, within the colonizing plan of the coast of the Mexican Seno carried out by José de Escandón, who pointed out said Villa as the capital of the colony "because it is located in the center of the whole region" José Sánchez de Dovalina was designated captain of the 426 settlers from Monterrey and Linares. The mission of San Juan Nepomuceno de Helguera or recently destroyed Plamitos was founded near the town.
In 1756, José de Escandón requested the Viceroy's license to build his house in this town because "one of the things that contributed most and is contributing to the entry of families of settlers to the Mexican Seno Coast was the fact that I told them I was in I wanted to stay and live in it and build a house in the town of Santander; for what I left in it, indicated 100 site front rods and 200 background ... "house that concluded in 1758. Also, Escandón requested the Viceroy license, which was granted, to "... recruit several officers who are totally lacking in those places ... seven official masters of blacksmithing and armourers, fourteen of carpentry, one of things of tin and bronze, two tailors and a stonemason ... to go to settle those populations ". A year before, in 1757, the 108 family had families, whose houses were, mostly, of horcones and muddy reeds covered with palm or grass while a few were made of adobe; by then the temple was being built, of lime and stone, which was completed, two ditches that were supplied from the brook of the arrowheads which were used for irrigation of the plots and the work; In addition, Escandón had built a dam.
In 1769, Vicente González de Santa Inés, governor of Nuevo Santander, designated as the capital of this colony the town of San Carlos, where mining took strong momentum. In 1770 the village of Santander had 142 families, whose temple "... almost the only one that is decent and neat in all the rest of its towns", was located in the east block of the great square. In 1788, the colonel of the royal armies of his majesty Melchor Vidal de Lorca and Villena, Political and Military Governor of the colony of Nuevo Santander, asked Sebastian Brutón to inform him about the Villa.
By decree of the State Congress, the 31 of October of 1827, was changed its name to Jiménez, to honor the memory of Colonel Juan Nepomuceno Jiménez. Shot in this city by the royalist forces under Joaquín Arredondo.
Chronology of historical events
- 1749 The 17 of February, foundation of Santander, today Jiménez.
- 1769 Vicente González de Santianés, governor of Nuevo Santander, designates Villa de San Carlos as the capital of this colony.
- 1827 It is assigned the name of Jiménez.
- Arquimides Caballero Caballero Historian and Politician.
- Luis Caballero Vargas Military and Political, was governor of the State in 1913 to 1916.
- María González Caballero Diplomat and Playwright.
- Pablo González Salazar Politician.
- Juan Nepomuceno Jiménez Garza Hero of the War of Independence.
- Gabriel Saldivar Musicologist, Master Historian.
- Julián Terán Teacher and Writer
Monuments to Don José de Escandón and Helguera; and General Luis Caballero Rodríguez.
The house of Don José de Escandón and Helguera (Count of Sierra Gorda), built in 1751; Parish of the Five Lords, built in 1757.
Traditional party of the Five Lords with fair and dances.
The municipality of Jiménez is located in the central region of the State, on the basin of the Purificación River. It is located at 24º 12' north latitude and 98º 29' west longitude, its average altitude is 200 meters above sea level.
It has an extension of 1714.90 square kilometers, which represents the 2.41 percent of the area of the entity. It adjoins to the north with the municipalities of San Nicolás and Cruillas, to the south with the one of Houses; to the east with that of Abasolo and to the west with those of San Carlos and Padilla. It is integrated by 91 localities, of which the most important are: the Municipal Head, Allende, Independence, La Esperanza, La Peñita, El Encinal and La Misión.
The runoffs that form in the territory come from the Sierra de San Carlos and cross it in a southwest direction. The main one is the Flechadores stream, which passes through the Municipal Head; other streams are: Carretas, El Cazador Azufrosa, El Carrizo and La Serna, all of them tributaries of the Soto la Marina river, which defines the boundaries of the municipality of its southern end.
The least dry of the steppes is present in the greater extension of the municipality, very warm with regime of rains in summer and extremao; to the east of the territory, BS climate. (H) HW' (E), registering lower temperatures. The average annual temperature is higher than 22º C. oscillating between 7º and 15º C. with rainfall of 100 millimeters per year; the winds blow from the south.
The municipality of Jiménez is located in the foothills of the Sierra de San Carlos, its surface is a slightly wavy inclined plane and with southeast direction. To the southwest of the territory the table of Solís is located.
Classification and land use
The soils that predominate in the municipality are, to the west, vertisol with aptitude for agricultural use; to the east, xerosol and lithosol, considered as poor and unsuitable for agriculture. With regard to land tenure, of the 194,688 hectares, 22371 are ejidales, distributed in 21 population centers, and 172,317 of small owners.
Flora and fauna
The association of vegetation that exists in the municipality is high and thorny scrub, in a small fringe adjacent to the Purification River presents the deciduous deciduous forest.
In the municipality we can find white wing pigeon, rabbit, deer, coyote, raccoon and skunk.Suggest Edition