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On June 3, 1770, the governor of the province of Nuevo Santander, Vicente González Santianes, founded with residents of Aguayo Llera and Güemez, a town in a place called nipples that was named Croix, in honor of the Viceroy, Márquez of this title. The religious administration was in charge of the province of San Pedro and San Pablo de Michoacán.

In 1872, the name was changed to Casas de Memoria de Juan Bautista de las Casas, son of this population that was shot during the war, of Independence. In 1873, their farms were still adobe and guano, some of them were in a dilapidated state.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1770 The June 3, date of foundation
  • 1827 It is assigned the name Houses in honor of Juan Bautista de las Casas, a famous insurgent.

Illustrious people

  • Juan Bautista de las Casas; military, was shot in the war of independence.
  • Juan Manuel Maldonado (1793-1854)

Architectural monuments

Parish of the Immaculate Conception, built in 1780; Mission of Our Lady of Guadalupe, in the mouth of the angels; Originally a mission, from 1791 it was given a cemetery character; Temple of San Francisco de Asís, dates from the 19th century; Mission of San José Boca de Palmas, founded the 29 of June of 1791, site where he spent the night in 1817, Francisco Javier Mina.

Popular parties

The 8 of December is celebrated to the Virgin of the Purísima Concepción, taking place dances and fairs.


The municipality is located in the middle portion of the territory of the entity, in the foothills of the Sierra de Tamaulipas, bounded on the north by the municipalities of Jiménez and Abasolo, on the south by those of Llera and Aldama; to the east with Soto la Marina and to the west with Padilla, Güemez, Victoria and Llera. Its territorial extension is of 2,874.33 Km2, same that represent the 5.11% of the total surface of the state.

The tropic of cancer crosses the municipality in its middle portion. The municipal seat, Villa de Casas, is located at the coordinates 23º42' north latitude and 98º44'longitude west, at a height of 150 mts. above sea level. It is integrated by 27 localities, of which the most important are: Villa de Casas, eg San Francisco Station, La Lajilla, El Amparo, New Population Center 5 in February and 19 in April.


The hydrographic resources of the municipality are composed mainly of the stream and large numbers of tributaries. The Vicente Guerrero Dam occupies a minimum portion of the municipal surface.


The climate is the driest of the steppes, with rains in the months of May to September; the maximum temperatures oscillate between the 43ºC to 46ºC and they appear in the months of May to August and the minimum of 0ºC to 2ºC, appearing in the months of December to January. The average annual rainfall is from 600 to 800 mm, which increases during the cyclone season; the speed of the winds varies between one and two meters per second.


3 represent characteristic features of the relief. The hilly areas, covering approximately 37.95% of the surface, are located east of the municipality, in the Sierra de Tamaulipas; the semi-flat areas cover approximately 42.23% and are located at the center of the municipality; and the flat areas, cover the 20.75%, are located in the northeast and southeast of the municipality.

Classification and land use

Soils are of three predominant types: in the central portion and over the greatest extension, the unit of soil is vertisol, with a certain attitude for agriculture; in the western portion of the soil with chernosen with greater aptitude for agriculture, to the south the soil is lithosol and xerosol, classified as mountainous and forestry. With regard to land tenure, 50,856 hectares correspond to the ejidal regime and 357,664 hectares belong to the small property.

Flora and fauna

The association of vegetation in the upper portion is the deciduous forest. On the slopes of the Sierra, the associations of thickets and low jungle to become in the westernmost portion, scrub under thorny.

By virtue of the fact that the municipality has a minimum portion of the Vicente Guerrero dam, geese, ducks and white-wing pigeons can be found, as well as white-tailed deer and wild turkey.

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