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Gómez Farías

Introduction

The Villa de Gómez Farías has its origin in what was Congregacion Joya de Indios, which was founded on the 19 of May of 1749 and the 10 of January of 1869 is given the name of Villa de Gómez Farías, being named in honor of Don Valentín Gómez Farías who served as president of the Constituent Congress of Querétaro in 1857 and President of the Republic.

Chronology of events

  • 1749 Joya de Indios was founded, today Villa de Gómez Farías.
  • 1869 The 29 September foundation of the Villa.
  • 1870 By decree number 21 issued by the State Congress rose to the category of Free Municipality.

Illustrious people

  • Nicolás Aguilar (1896-1970)

Historical monuments

Monument erected as a tribute to Mr. Valentín Gómez Farías, located in the Plaza Hidalgo de la Cabecera Municipal

Popular parties

Only the popular festival is celebrated to commemorate, from 1984, the anniversary of the foundation of the municipality on 28 and 29 days of September of each year.

Traditional costumes

It is commonly used denim clothing consisting of denim trousers, plaid shirt with pins, hat, booty or boots.

Handicrafts

Colonial wood furniture

Location

The municipality of Gómez Farías is located in the middle portion of the State of Tamaulipas, on the Guayalejo river basin. It adjoins to the north with the municipality of Llera; to the south with that of Mante; to the east with the one of Xicotencatl and to the west with that of Ocampo.

Its territorial extension is 432.57 square kilometers, its coordinates are 22º 42'32'' of north latitude and 0º 30'43'' of west longitude, located at an altitude of 350 meters above sea level.

Of the 115 localities that make up the municipality, are considered among the most important: Gómez Farías (municipal seat), Loma Alta town, Ejido 5 de Mayo, Ejido Guadalupe Victoria, 601 town and the Ejido Ojo de Agua.

Hydrography

The most important superficial currents are the Sabinas River and the Frío River, which cross the territory in different directions and join in the municipality before pouring their waters into the Guayalejo or Tamesí. This region is geographically located in the Guayalejo river basin.

Weather

There are different types of climates in this territory. In the eastern part, it is considered (A) X (W) to (A) or semi-warm, the warmest of the temperate. Its rain regime is in summer. In the eastern part, the climate is (A) W (W) (C) or semi-warm, less humid, with rainfall in summer. Gómez Farías has an oscillating temperature; being of 7º C in winter and of 14ºC, the maximum in spring and summer. The prevailing winds are those that blow from south to southwest.

Orography

The eastern portion, corresponding to the coastal plain of the Gulf, is formed by sensibly flat lands; the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental (Sierra de Cucharas, of winding terrain) and the high parts of the sierra with altitudes of 1,500 and 1,900 meters above sea level.

Classification and land use

The mountainous part is formed by lithosol in combination with vertisol, pelic. Soils with high aptitude for agricultural use. With respect to land tenure, the regime of small property is greater.

Flora and fauna

The vegetation in the municipality presents diverse variations that go from the conifers in the Sierra Madre Oriental to the wood of tropical type like the species of cedar, orejón, palo santo and mezquitillo.

The fauna of the municipality is composed of small mammals such as armadillo, rabbit and wild boar, and there are also wild cats, wild turkeys and white-tailed deer.

It should be noted that there are endangered species within the municipality such as the cinnamon tinamou, the cojolita, the black bear and the jaguar or American tiger.

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