The "Villa Presa del Rey", now known as Villa Aldama, was founded on the 15 of April of 1790, although in fact, from 1785 the militia captain, Mr. José Vicente de la Serna, had already started settlement activities.
The 18 of June of 1789, was named the Lieutenant Colonel, Mr. Miguel Ignacio de Escandón y Llera, eldest son of the count of Sierra Gorda, Mr. José de Escandón and Helguera, so that he could do the legalization of the foundation of the village Presas del Rey , under the invocation of the Divine Shepherdess.
The first founders were 76 families with a total of 293 people from the towns of Cruillas, San Fernando and Revilla (now Guerrero), being appointed as justice to Captain Vicente de la Serna, who started the work for the foundation.
Likewise, the mission of San Vicente del Platanal was established to congregate the Panhuayan Indians of the Sierra de Maratines.
It is worth mentioning that this population was the last one founded by the count of the Sierra Gorda in the former province of Nuevo Santander (today Tamaulipas).
By decree of November 25 of 1828 was granted the title of Villa Aldama in memory of Ignacio Aldama, hero of the Independence.
Chronology of historical events
- 1790 The April 15, foundation of the village Presas del Rey (today Aldama).
- 1811 In the month of March, Don Joaquin Arredondo passes through the town, coming from Tampico in pursuit of the priest Hidalgo.
- 1817 The May 22, from Soto La Marina, travels through the village Presas del Rey, Mr. Francisco Javier Mina.
- 1828 The November 25, by decree of the State Government, is changed its name to Villa de Aldama.
- 1865 The Divina Pastora church was set on fire by the French.
- Fortunato by Leija Pérez (1887-1920). Lawyer, politician and constituent (Querétaro 1917). Original from El Barranco Ranch, Municipality of Aldama, Tam.
Monuments erected to Benito Juárez and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, both located in the main square of the town.
In the lagoon of Sapo (ejido Guadalupe Victoria), there are remains of numerous wedges or mounds. In the Tres Piedras ejido there is another archaeological zone. For that same region, in Magueyes and ejido El Olivo, there are vestiges of an ancient Huastec village. To the southeast of Villa Aldama, near Morón, in a place called La Ceiba there is a group of mounds where monoliths have been found.
One of the popular festivals is the one that takes place, year after year, to celebrate the founding of the Villa. The last week of April begins with a parade of allegorical carts, simulating the arrival of the first settlers.
Because it is an eminently livestock region, in terms of gastronomy, the typical thing in Aldama is the delicious barbecue, the beef jerky and the panzaje of beef, as well as the panelas and the cheese in its different varieties.
In the municipal seat is a saddlery workshop, where different leather articles are manufactured, such as: chaps, saddles, quarters, covers for knives and machetes, leather bristle lasts; On the other hand, floral wreaths, chairs, piñatas, animal dissections and polish of beef horns, sheep and deer are also made.
The municipal seat is located on the banks of the Tigre or Cachimba rivers and the Blanco River, at a height of 90 meters above sea level. As for the Municipality of Aldama, it is located in the southeastern portion of the State, being located between the parallels 22º37'52 "of west longitude. It limits to the North with the Municipality of Grove the Navy; to the South with Altamira, to the East with Casas and González, and to the West with the Gulf of Mexico. Its territorial extension is 3,671.78 square kilometers, which represents the 4.57 percent of the total of the State.
The municipality is integrated by 375 localities, of which the most important are: Aldama (municipal seat), Barra del Tordo, New Progress, Higinio Tanguma, Morón, Las Yucas, Rancho Nuevo, Francisco I. Madero and Alberto Carrera Torres.
The municipality has three rivers of great importance, such as: El Tigre, Barberena and Carrizal. Among the most important hydraulic works, there is the República Española dam, better known as the Sombrerito dam and El Nacimiento project, which serves for irrigation, recreation and fishing.
According to the climatic classification of Keopen modified by Enriqueta García, there are varied climates in the Municipality. In the north, south and east it is warm and semi-warm when it rains. In the southeast and northeast portions, the climate is warm and subhumid when rainfall occurs.
Some valleys are located in Azufrosa, Nuevo Progreso, Zanampeño and 5 de Mayo. The steepest slopes are found in the Naranjo and Aguacate ranges, and with some hills such as Jerez, Granadilla, Divisadero, Joyas, Puerto de San José and Cerro del Maíz.
Classification and land use
In the municipality the soil classes are: regosol in the coastal part; association feozem haplico vertisol pelico in the northeast region; association feozem rendzima and association eutrica-cambrisol calcic to the north and association lotosol-rendzima feozem haplico to the west. Land tenure is eminently private.
Flora and fauna
In the highest parts the low deciduous forest appears; while in the less cerrile areas we find low deciduous deciduous forest and in the valleys or lower parts, mainly east of the municipal territory, natural pastures.
In terms of fauna, the municipality is very rich, as it has wild boar, deer, badger, armadillo, hare, viper, skunk, wild turkey, fox, coyote, wildcat, jaguar, chachalacas, anteater and cougar.
To the south of the State, and located in the Municipality of Aldama is the "Barra de la Tortuga Lora" where the spawning of this endangered species takes place; it is located on the beaches included near the Barra del Tordo, almost reaching Soto La Marina; and is the only place in the country that meets the special characteristics for the spawning of the Lora Turtle species known by its scientific name (Lepido chelys-kempr) and considered native to the coasts of Tamaulipas. It is currently in danger of extinction, but thanks to the support provided by the State Government, ecological groups from other nations have reached an agreement in the year of 1966 signed by the United States of America and Mexico, under which operations have been initiated. tending to improve their quality of life and gradually increase their population. These actions began in the Rancho Nuevo camp, occupying in its first phase an extension of 30 kilometers of the beaches of the Gulf of Mexico and continuing in Tepehuaje, Soto La Marina and Aldama or 2 beach, with an extension of 32 kilometers of area exclusive of reproduction or spawning, being visited by Europeans, Cubans, North Americans and people from all over the world.
This is one of the smallest marine turtles owned by the coasts of Tamaulipas. Approximately 300 of them arrive during the months of April and June, which is their spawning season, with up to 100 eggs on average each, taking 45 days in incubation for the hatchlings, reaching to measure from 4 to 5 centimeters, and with a weight of 10 grams at birth, reaching in adult up to 80 centimeters, and a weight between 35 and 50 kilograms.
Like other endangered species, the Kemp's ridley is subject to predators, animals and humans due to its easy capture and high utilization.Suggest Edition