The 1o was founded. April of 1768 with the name of Mineral, following the discovery of a silver vein that was given the name of La Luz; its population was of two hundred nine inhabitants administered in the spiritual thing by the minister of the town of San Carlos. Towards 1772, time of the mining boom, it reached fifteen thousand five hundred inhabitants; the bonanza lasted until 1780, when the richest vein sank. It also contributed in part to the ruin of the ore the expulsion of the Spaniards, who bought the miners all the money they extracted.
In 1831, Luis Berlandier, a French botanist, says that when he entered the town, "I thought I was walking in the middle of the ruins of an old and abandoned town ... all the houses with slabs and limestones are uninhabited; the roofs have collapsed and in the middle of the walls already vegetate several trees. From time to time they are among those walls, a bad hut covered with maguey leaves, inhabited by an unfortunate miner, changed today into mezcalero. " In 1843, the engineer Toribio de la Torre describes the town "... Like a lot of ruins ...", with only 503 inhabitants. From 1869 it was called Degollado, name that soon fell into disuse, in 1884 had 165 inhabitants.
Chronology of historical events
- 1768 The April 1 is the founding of Mineral Today San Nicolas.
- Francisco Castellanos Tuexi, military and political participated in the Revolution, was Governor of the State in 1923 to 1933, and Attorney General of the Federal District of 1940-1946. (1893-)
- Maximiliano Hernández G. (1889-)
- Juan Rincon, Politician, was Governor of the State. (1893-1951)
Parish of San Nicolás Tolentino, built in the 18th century, the construction of this parish in 1769, coincides with the discovery of the old Real de San Nicolás.
The 1 of April is celebrated the foundation of San Nicolás, in the afternoon there is an artistic festival, popular verbena and dance.
The Municipality belongs to the Victoria 04 subregion within the State. It is located at coordinates 24º32'23'' of north latitude to 00º10'09'' of west longitude. It has a territorial extension of 457.76 square kilometers, which represents 0.90 percent of the total of the Entity. It borders to the North with the Municipality of Burgos; to the South with Jiménez; East with Cruillas and West with San Carlos. It is integrated by 18 localities of which the most important are: San Nicolás, municipal seat, Las Virgenes Flechadoras, El Palmas and Carritos.
Few water currents cross the territory, one of them is the San Nicolás River, this river is born in the valley where the municipal seat has its seat, after a good route it is poured into the river Conchos or San Fernando.
The semiarid predominates in all the Municipality, the temperature oscillates between 6ºC as minimum and 45ºC as maximum. It has an average annual precipitation of 675mm.
The Municipality presents in its totality a mountainous relief, for being located on the Mountain range of San Carlos; situation that causes problems for the location of human settlements and prevents the introduction of infrastructure and equipment.
Classification and land use
The soil units are lithosol xerosol, being classified as mountainous and forestry. The use of land is mainly agricultural and livestock.
Flora and fauna
Silvicultural surfaces in the municipality are largely comprised of resources, non-timber forest such as scrubland.
The existing fauna in the Municipality is comprised of birds and small mammals, having as the main problem the immoderate hunting off-season by the fans of this sport; In the ranch "El Comanche" a natural nesting reserve of white wing pigeon is located.Suggest Edition