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Burgos

Introduction

It was created in the year of 1985, by call issued by the Municipal President C. Ricardo García Fernández being designed by C. Guadalupe Ramírez Mendoza, originally from the municipality; it is described as follows: It is a parchment aesthetically presented in which the history and symbols of the cultural and economic life of the municipality are illustrated, in 8 sections.

In the central part the hill of Burgos stands out having in the background the kiosk of the main square built in 1982, in the upper right part the view of the school and in the upper center a book, symbol of culture, in the upper left the church of the municipal head, in the lower left a sorghum and corn plant; as well as the waterfall "Los Chorros", tourist presence of the municipality, in the upper right a goat and a zebu sample of the livestock of the region.

City chronology

20 February of 1749 overcoming the adversities of weather and climate, Don José de Escandón and Helguera, Count of Sierra Gorda, founded the Villa de Burgos with 46 families (229) people, which he put under the command of Don Antonio Leal, being established in the south margin of the stream of the Ciénegas de Caballero, today Burgos.

Fighting against the weather, the rough terrain and the attacks of the natives who defended their territory inch by inch, but who finally had to give in to the strategy and superiority in arms of the conquerors, this colonial-looking villa, with time it became the head of the municipality, to which it inherited its name.

Chronology of historical events

  • 1749 The February 20, the Real Villa de Burgos was founded.
  • 1777 The October 5, the grounds of the Villa are delimited.

Illustrious people

  • Lorenzo Garza Treviño
  • José Antonio Leal, military.
  • José Manuel de Robles, responsible leader of the Villa.

Architectural monuments

Church of Our Lady of Loreto, built in the year of 1792, colonial style.

Popular parties

The February 20, commemoration of its foundation; 1º of August, traditional celebration of the town, celebrating the beginning of the popular fair.

Traditions and customs

As a parody of the Mixteca stewardship, it is customary to take the Virgin of Loreto in procession to the house of a neighbor of the Villa, who becomes host.

Location

The head of the municipality is located at 28º 58 'of north latitude and 98º 48' of west longitude, at a height of 193 meters above sea level. The geographic limits of the Municipality are: to the North with the Municipality of Méndez and the State of Nuevo León; to the South with the Municipalities of Méndez, San Carlos, Cruillas and San Nicolás; to the East with Méndez, San Fernando and Cruillas, and to the West with the State of Nuevo León.

The territorial extension of the Municipality is 1922.72 square kilometers, which represents 2.80% per cent of the total area of ​​the state. It is integrated by 115 localities, being of the most important: Villa de Burgos, the municipal head, Cándido Aguilar, Lázaro Cárdenas, San Isidro, Paso Hondo, Plan de Ayala, Labores de la Paz and Pedregal.

Hydrography

The municipality's hydrological resources are basically composed of the Conchos River and permanent streams such as Burgos and Mojarras, which are born in the foothills of the Sierra de San Carlos and the Sierra Madre Oriental.

Weather

The municipality is divided by two types of climate (according to the classification of Koopen-García). In most of the territory, the climate BS1 (h ') W (e) predominates, that is to say the least dry of the steppe, very warm with the presence of canine, extreme, with oscillation between 7ºC and 14ºC.

In the southern part the type of climate (a) c (or ") (a) to (e) predominates, that is to say semi-warm in summer, warm with rain in summer and autumn, extreme with oscillation between 7ºC and 14ºC. Its average annual precipitation fluctuates between 500 and 600 cubic millimeters, the direction of the prevailing winds is from the southeast.

Orography

The relief of the municipality presents / displays a slight inclination of south to north, in virtue of which the last lomerías of the mountain range of San Carlos and Cruilles penetrates to this territory by the Southeast. In the foothills of the Sierra de Cruillas, is the hill of San Pablo and to the northeast stands the hill of Loma del Perico. Its average altitude is 381 meters above sea level, reaching a maximum elevation of 609 meters in the southwest part.

Classification and land use

The discontinuity of the geographical relief means that the composition of the soils is variable, predominating the Kastañosem calcium soil, with some aptitude for agricultural use. It presents only two forms of land tenure, ejido and small property, predominating with a large percentage, the latter.

Flora and fauna

In the southern part there is a high sub-spring scrub, while in the rest of the municipality there is a high thorn scrub.

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