By decree number 53 of the State Congress issued with date 10 of January of 1962, the Municipality of Rio Bravo was erected.
The municipal seat is the old town that bears his name and that is now elevated to the category of Cd. Rio Bravo. Its soil, like that of almost the entire frontier, is plain and well irrigated; to the north with the channel Culebrón that crosses the Municipality from the west to the east. In the central part by the channel of Anzaldúas that runs from north to south. Also in the southwest region receives the benefits of the Rodhe channel that joins the canal of Anzaldúas. By having these resources, the municipality dedicated its land to the planting of cotton.
Chronology of historical events
- 1961 The 4 of December, the emancipation of the municipality is realized.
- 1962 The January 10, the municipality of Rio Bravo is created.
Ex-Hacienda la Sauteña, whose helmet was built in 1847, by the Spaniards. During the Porfiriato it was an agricultural company of great prestige and in the Revolution it worked as a prison; it is currently the headquarters of the House of Culture. Another monument is what was the railway station.
Hemiciclo to Don Benito Juárez; monument to the mother.
In the month of August the harvest fair is celebrated. During the celebration there are mechanical games, cockfights and horse races.
The Municipality of Rio Bravo is located in the northeastern part of the State of Tamaulipas and belongs to the Reynosa Subregion No. 2.
It is part of the regional system of the Rio Grande basin and has a territorial extension of 1,562.94 Km² that represents the 2.68% of the State total.
It borders the North with the United States of North America by means of the Bravo River, to the South, with the Municipalities of San Fernando and Méndez, to the East, with the Municipalities of Valle Hermoso and Matamoros, and to the West with the Municipality of Reynosa.
The municipal head, located in the city of Rio Bravo, is located at 25º 59 'north latitude and 98º 06' west longitude, at an altitude of 139 meters above sea level.
The Municipality is located in the lower basin of the Rio Grande, which has a volume of water collection of 5,810 million cubic meters, ending in the Gulf of Mexico; The municipality is irrigated by infrastructure works such as canals, Culebras, Anzaldúas and Rodhe.
The climatological aspects, according to the classification of Köppen E. García, are defined as follows:
To the north BS (U '), that is the driest of the steppes, very warm with average annual temperature of more than 22º C with rains at the end of summer, with presence of canicula and very extreme, with thermal variations between 7º C and 14º C.
The climate in the northern part corresponds to the driest of the steppes, and very warm with an annual average temperature higher than 22º C and rains at the end of summer. To the south, the climate belongs to the least dry of the steppes, warm, with thermal variations between 7ºC and 14ºC.
The territory of the municipality is sensibly flat reaching its maximum height to the southwest of the municipality with an altitude of 150 meters on the level of the sea.
Classification and land use
- These are found in different types of groups that are:
- Calcic and limestone Cambisols.- which are located north of the municipality.
- Calcium and Calcium Xerosol.- These are located in the southwest part of the municipality.
- Pelican Xerosol .- are in the southeastern part of the municipality.
Generally all these types of soil are considered suitable for seasonal agriculture and irrigation.
Flora and fauna
The medium forest prevails, in its thorny majority and in the western part the high thorny scrub is located.
As regards the fauna, it is made up of coyotes, rabbits and small rodents.