The city of Altamira was founded on the 2 of May of 1749, in honor of the viceregal official Juan Rodríguez de Albuerne, Marquis of Altamira, by Don José de Escandón and Helguera, Count of the Sierra Gorda, under the invocation of Nuestra Señora de las Caldas .
The first mayor of the town was Captain Juan Pérez, and in charge of the militia was Captain Juan Francisco Barberena.
The first Congress of the Independent Government of Tamaulipas, by decree of the 27 of October of 1828, changed the category to city with the name of Villerias in honor of the insurgent Fray Juan Villerías; nevertheless, its primitive name of Altamira prevails to the present time.
From Altamira the families that, under the command of Don Juan Villatoro, populated the current Tampico, establishing the boundaries between both municipalities in November of 1837.
The name of the huasteca is derived from the Nahuatl word Huaxteco or Cuexteco that they took, according to Father Sahagún, from a caudillo named Cuextecatl. The Mexicans designated the region with the name of Huaxtecapan but it was also called Pantlan or Panotlan and later Pánuco which means "place where they pass".
Chronology of historical events
- 1749 The May 2, foundation of Altamira by Mr. José de Escandón, Count of Sierra Gorda.
- 1829 Before his surrender, the 11 of September, General Barradas arrived in Altamira, where he fought with the forces of General Mier and Terán.
- 1848 The October 27, by decree of the First Congress of the Independent Government, is granted the category of city with the name of Villerias.
- 1913 The Carrancistas, commanded by General Pablo González, take Altamira, evicting the forces of Victoriano Huerta.
- Demetrio Briones. Founder of the first land workers union, in 1933.
- Alejandro Briones Pedraza. Municipal president and peasant worker leader. He held different positions in these sectors and was a substitute local deputy, a distinguished member of the Tamaulipecos Workers' Federation and founder of the Union of Transporters of Materials and General Cargo. Promoted the integration of the Local Federation of Workers. The halls of acts of the Casa del Campesino and of that union, perpetuate his name.
- Manuel Cantú. Maestro.
- David López Rivera.
- Martín A. Martínez. Martyr of agrarismo, assassinated the 5 of February of 1930.
- Ciro Rodríguez. Martyr of Agrarianism, the 5 of February of 1930.
- José Tavera. Freemason and liberal, who took part of the group Magonista Flowers.
- Optaciano Tavera Rojas.
- Juan de Villatoro. He obtained from the President of the Republic, Antonio López de Santa Anna, the order to found the city of Tampico today.
Temple of Santiago Apóstol, built in the mid-eighteenth century.
In the square of arms the hemicycle is located in which are the busts of Francisco I. Madero, Benito Juárez and Venustiano Carranza. In the northwest corner of the same is the bust of José María Morelos y Pavón. In the plaza José de Escandón y Helguera, bust of this character, founder of the old village. Benito Juarez bust is located in the honor yard of Federal High School No. 1; previously it was located in the main square, but due to the first remodeling of it, it was removed. The bust of José María Pino Suárez, in the Congregation of Santa Inés.
On the staircase and assembly hall of the municipal palace, there is a mural by the painter Sáenz.
The May 2 festivities are held on the occasion of the founding of the City. The 25 of July begins a series of celebrations in honor of Santiago Apóstol, same that extend until the 31 of the same month. Throughout this day various pilgrimages arrive, made up of devotees of this saint, all participate in the events that take place in his honor, highlighting the dances of the matachines. Many groups of four matachines come to the place to perform their dances in honor of one of the most venerated saints of the region.
Without being able to specify the date of beginning of this tradition, the first day of the year, from the first hours of the day, a group of people with a trio of huapangueros ahead, sing trovas to the people and walk the main streets of the city. city, welcoming the year.
The May 2, on the occasion of the celebration of the foundation, authorities and participants of the traditional caravan move to the municipal pantheon to lay a wreath and pay tribute to their ancestors and in particular to Altamirenses, who always participated in this celebration .
Dry meat, which acquires a very special flavor when prepared with salt in grain, toasted in comal and ground in metate, placed in a wooden tray to "dead salt" and then dried in the sun.
Move us, prepared with French bread and later with wheat flour, sprinkled with honey made with colored sugar; also pumpkin and milk sweets, masafinas.
Men wear trousers and cotton denim jacket and women long skirt to the ankle, wide-sleeved blouse and rebozo.
It is located in the southeastern portion of the State within the Tampico Subregion Number 07. It has a territorial extension of 1,666.53 square kilometers, which represents 1.07 percent of the total extension of the State.
The municipal head is located at 22º 23' of north latitude and 97º56' west latitude, at an altitude of 26 meters above sea level. The municipality borders on the North with that of Aldama; to the South with those of Madero and Tampico, as well as with the State of Veracruz, to the East with the Gulf of Mexico and to the West with the Municipality of González.
It is integrated by 148 localities, of which the most important are: Altamira (municipal seat), Ejido Altamira, El Fuerte, Benito Juarez, Lomas del Real, Integers, Aquiles Serdán and Cuauhtemoc Congregation.
Its hydrographic resources are constituted by the Barberena River, located in the northern part of the Municipality, which serves as the boundary between Aldama and Altamira; born in the Tamaulipas mountain range in the Municipality of Aldama; the Tamesí river that marks the limits with the State of Veracruz. It also has other resources such as Esteros, El Salado, El Conejo and El del Norte, as well as the lagoons of Camalote, Chapayán and Altamira.
It is predominantly humid warm, with rainfall regime from June to September, with the direction of its winds from southeast to northeast. The annual average temperature is of 16ºC and the average pluvial precipitation of 1,000 annual millimeters.
Sierra de la Palma, the Cerro del Metate, the Cerro del Lagarto, the Cruz, the Esporta.
The Municipality does not present / display injured reliefs, for being a sensibly flat region due to its remoteness of the mountainous chains.
Classification and land use
Flora and fauna
The vegetation types of the Municipality are presented in two groups. Most of the Municipality is formed by low deciduous deciduous forest and in a very small portion, to the East, zacatales are presentedSuggest Edition