Prevention and Control of Diarrheal Diseases


  1. The control of this disease worldwide began in 1978 in response to the call of the Member States of PAHO for concerted actions around one of the biggest problems of morbidity and mortality in the world.
  2. In Mexico, the National Program for the Control of Diarrheal Diseases (PRONACED) was installed in 1984. He started with promotion for the use of the oral hydration formula recommended by the WHO.
  3. It takes force in 1990 for the commitments of the summit in favor of childhood, and in 1991 when the cholera arrives in the American continent and Mexico.
  4. In Mexico, they are one of the main reasons for medical consultation and death in children. They present on average two episodes of diarrhea per year, a fact that affects their growth and development.
  5. In Tamaulipas the program was implemented in the 1985 year, although it was included in the child care program, later the state coordination of the program was formed.

Tamaulipas has made significant progress in recent years, mortality in under-fives was reduced by 97.04%. In the 2008 year the rate for 100, 000 for children under 5 for years was 5, for the 2009 for 0.36 and for the 2010 the preliminary rate is for 2.18.

Mission
Our mission is to reduce the cases of Diarrheal Diseases and Acute Respiratory Infections as well as deaths from these same causes in children under 5 years, implementing prevention.

Vision
Less deaths due to Diarrheal Diseases and Respiratory Infections in children under 5 years.

Objective
Decrease the morbidity and mortality due to Diarrheal Diseases and Respiratory Infections in children under five years by improving the quality and timeliness of care in medical units, training the person responsible for the child in the care of the child and being able to recognize the alarm signs

Specific objectives

  • Promote exclusive breastfeeding, improve ablation practices.
  • Train mothers and caregivers of children under 5 years using preventive measures of effective household management, identification of warning signs and timely reference at the second level.
  • Perform actions to monitor residual chlorine in the rural area in order to verify that water for human use and consumption has adequate levels of chlorination.
  • Keep the private medical staff updated: general and pediatricians, as well as the teaching staff and students of the Faculties of Medicine in relation to the IRAs and ED.
  • Strengthen personnel training for the effective management of ARIs and rotavirus diarrhea during the winter season.
  • Intensify preventive health actions in high-risk municipalities for deaths due to this cause.
  • Promote the warning signs and care at home in mass media.
  • Coordinate inter-institutional actions to establish homogeneous criteria of attention in the opportunity of attention and treatment schemes.
  • Intensive actions of the personnel involved in water monitoring, especially in the rural area in order that the liquid has adequate levels for human use and consumption.
  • Train mothers or those responsible for children under five years of age, as well as inform the population about preventive measures and home care in the effective management of IRAs and ED.
  • To administer megadoses of vitamin A and antiparasitic treatments with the purpose of reducing illness and death due to diarrhea in the state.
  • Attend timely cases of diarrhea, rotavirus and IRAs to prevent complications.
  1. Guarantee effective training with verification questions addressed to parents, mothers and / or caregivers of children under 5 years.
  2. Ensure symptomatic management in the 90% of outpatient IRAs.
  3. Promote the Strengthening Plan to prevent EDA.
  4. Activate the actions for the Winter Season.
  5. Immediately notify the deaths by Ira and ED, as well as the realization of the AV.

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