Nutrition


General Purpose

Decrease the prevalence of cases of mild, moderate and severe malnutrition in children under 5 years, achieve the recovery of detected cases and reduce mortality from this cause.

Specific objectives

  • Improve the technical capacity of health personnel in the area of ​​child nutrition.
  • Strengthen the link between the programs of the Ministry of Health related to nutrition problems
  • Promote healthy eating behavior in parents, mothers and children under five years of age, improve their knowledge, to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition, anemia and vitamin A deficiency in this age group.
  • Establish links with different Programs, Foundations and Associations, to strengthen comprehensive care for children
  • Evaluate the results obtained in the Nutrition Program.
Strategies Activities Programming
Prevent, detect and timely treat malnutrition in the younger population of 5 years
  • Detection and continuous monitoring of 5 children undernourished through health unit staff, field nurses and mobile unit workers, during the National Health Weeks, state weeks, outpatient consultation, home visit, research through the measurement of weight and height of children under five years of age
  • Registration and monthly update of children under 5 years with some degree of malnutrition in the nominal census for control and monitoring
Permanent
Perform actions aimed at the establishment and permanence of breastfeeding for at least six months
  • Training for pregnant women in exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months and its benefits, from the First Level of Care
  • Promote the immediate attachment of the newborn to the mother's womb and monitor the Steps of the «Hospital Friend of the Child and Mother» Strategy
Permanent
Strengthen vitamin A supplementation in newborns Attention to mothers at risk of having a low weight product (health centers and hospitals) on the aspects of food and nutrition, the importance of breastfeeding. Permanent
Train the health personnel of I and II level of care, in terms of prevention, detection and timely treatment of diseases related to nutrition in the population under five years. Training to each mother of children with malnutrition on food and nutrition aspects, continuing education courses and training for health personnel. Permanent

How is malnutrition identified?

  • In children, malnutrition manifests itself through a slowdown in growth and, sometimes, there is even a regression in development.
  • The children look tired, without mood or desire. The hair falls out, the skin becomes dry or very sensitive, the nails brittle, the eyes tired.
  • A sign that the low amount of nutrients takes time is the weakness of the bones and poor growth of others compared to other children.
  • Sometimes the body suffers from diseases that prevent all the nutrients that enter the body from being absorbed.
  • The younger the age, the greater the side effects that the disease causes in the long term.
  • The longer without nutrients, the slower the recovery.

Factors riesgo

  • Low birth weight
  • Not having been breastfed
  • Frequent illnesses
  • Delayed ablation
  • Incomplete scheme of vaccination.
  • There is no gain in weight.
  • Teen mothers or with many children.
  • Scarce availability of food.
  • Difficulty to learn
  • Lack of basic services.

Obesity monitoring and control menu

  • Overall objective.
  • Specific objectives.
  • Strategies and activities.
  • Generalities
  • Complications

General Purpose

Strengthen coordinated actions to adequately address risky behaviors such as: inadequate feeding increasingly frequent in this ethereal group and the detection of eating disorders.

Specific objectives

  • Perform surveillance, monitoring and control of the nutritional status of the adolescent population from 10 to 19 years of age in the health units, with emphasis on those who are detected with malnutrition, obesity and eating disorders.
  • Promotion and dissemination of good feeding practices in adolescents and parents.
Strategies Activities Programming
Intensify the evaluation, control and permanent nutritional surveillance of adolescents Train doctors and counselors in high schools on healthy eating topics Permanent
Detect and offer multidisciplinary treatment to adolescents with Eating Disorders Perform Detections of Eating Disorders in Adolescents Permanent
Diversify the food sold in school cooperatives, to improve the nutrient value and decrease the energy contribution of the same Conduct detection and treatment of obesity and malnutrition in adolescents Permanent
Incorporate the promotion of healthy lifestyles campaigns in educational establishments at the basic and upper secondary levels Train health promoters according to the guidelines of school cooperatives Permanent
Intensify the breakfast promotion campaign Provide food orientation talks to parents in high schools Permanent

Objectives:

  • Sensitize the mother about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding.
  • Know the benefits of breastfeeding and the risks of not breastfeeding the baby in the first year of life.
  • Importance of sticking the RN to the breast of the mother, in the delivery room, keep it with the mother in her room and prohibit the use of the bottle.
  • Advise on the proper technique of breastfeeding.

Recommendations

  • Give exclusive breast milk from birth to 6 months of life.
  • Start complementary feeding from the 6 months with purees or vegetable porridges.
  • After the 6 months give the food at the beginning and then offer the mother's womb.
  • Give breast milk until 2 years of age.

What is complementary food?

Process that begins with the gradual and gradual introduction of different foods to human milk, to satisfy the nutritional needs of the child, preferably, after the 6 months of age.

Where do I go if I suffer from malnutrition, overweight or obesity?

We have 4 Nutritional Centers in the State located in:

  • Cd. Victoria, urban health center, Adolfo López Mateos educational center.
  • Cd. Reynosa, urban health center, Blvd. Morelos and Toluca, Colonia Rodríguez.
  • Cd. Matamoros, urban health center Euzcadi, Sixth Street and Querétaro, Colonia Euzcadi.
  • Cd. Tampico, urban health center, Belisario Domínguez street no. 600, People's colony.

References of complicated cases Childhood Obesity Clinic, Calzada Gral. Luis Caballero.

Strengthening activities for the Nutrition program

  • Permanent intensive campaign of promotion to Exclusive Maternal Breastfeeding.
  • Commemoration of the World Food Day (October 16).
  • Summer camps and coexistence on wheels.
  • Commemoration of the world day of physical activity (April 6).

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