The latest WHO estimates of the global burden of morbidity for people from 15 to 44 years of age indicate that mental and behavioral disorders represent five of the top ten morbidity burdens. These disorders, which include depression, disorders related to alcohol consumption, self-harm, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, are as important in developing countries as in industrialized countries.
The economic and social repercussions of this burden on society are immense. Expenditures on health and social services and loss of production due to high unemployment rates among people with mental disorders and their families are some of the most obvious and measurable costs. Less evident are the financial costs, the reduction in the quality of life and the emotional stress suffered by patients and their families.
Today we know that most mental disorders can be treated and managed and in many cases prevented, and that effective intervention strategies exist in this regard.
The magnitude of the burden of disease and disability attributable to mental disorders is a growing and worrisome phenomenon in today's world. Mental disorders are one of the biggest health problems in the world, which is why they represent a challenge, both in terms of health and in the planning of services.
There is sufficient evidence to show that conventional psychiatric care in the globalized world will not be able to achieve compatible goals with broad coverage with quality and equity, with a decentralized, continuous and comprehensive community base.
"One of the main challenges of mental health at the beginning of the millennium is the restructuring of mental health services to establish community services that integrate all the units and programs necessary to meet the diverse needs of the population. "
Community-based mental health care has proven to be effective in reducing social disability due to the integration of the patient in different areas of society.
It is necessary to create favorable conditions that guarantee health as a fundamental right of people suffering from a mental illness.
To ensure that users of Mental Health services throughout the state receive quality medical and psychiatric care with warmth, through promotion, prevention and rehabilitation activities in the field of mental health, which enable a better level of life for the user and their family, as well as their reintegration into the environment in which it is developed.
Promote Psychiatric Reform in Mexico, implementing the structures of the Miguel Hidalgo Model of Mental Health Care where there are sufficient elements for the modification and creation of new institutions based on respect for the rights of users, to receive comprehensive medical attention -psychiatric with quality and warmth.
Professionalism, teamwork, user satisfaction, responsibility and service spirit.
- Develop actions for improvement, efficiency, quality, warmth and coverage of mental health services with criteria for integration of resources and administrative functionality.
- Consolidate the infrastructure and quality management systems in mental health services with criteria of opportunity, supply, modernity, organization and productivity.
- Improve the quality of life with the promotion of healthy habits and the dissemination of methods of protection of mental health in the home and the community.
- Create healthy environments with actions to promote community health aimed at forming disease prevention habits in children and adolescents.
- Strengthen the efficiency of the public services of attention to the damage with criteria of quality, warmth and opportunity to raise the expectation and quality of life.