Sanitary Jurisdictions


The characteristics of the environment of the state of Tamaulipas contribute as determinants of the health of the population, in particular in each of the regions that comprise it. It presents the basic information of the state and then the characterization of each of the sanitary jurisdictions.

The State of Tamaulipas is located in the northeast of the country, it is made up of 43 Municipalities, it has a territorial extension of 80 249 Km2, it occupies the sixth place nationally as one of the largest entities of the Mexican Republic and has the 4.1% of the surface of the country. It has 433 km of coastlines, which represent 3.9% of the 11,122 km of the national total.

In the 2010, in the state of Tamaulipas 3,268,554 people were counted, were 1,652,353 women and 1,616,201 men. Boys and girls from 0 to 14 years, 902,528 the 28% of the population of the entity. It occupies the 13 place at a national level due to its number of inhabitants, the 88% is urban population and the 12% rural. On average, 41 people live per square kilometer; Nationwide there is 57.

The growth rate of the population in the state increases, in 1990 it was 2.2, in 2000 in 2.8 and in 2010 in 3.2. The life expectancy is of 73.0 in men and 77.7 in women, who live on average more than men. During the 2010, in Tamaulipas 64,009 births and 14,906 deaths were recorded. The main causes of death have been heart disease, diabetes mellitus and malignant tumors.

Every year more than 50 thousand people emigrate from Tamaulipas to settle in another entity, mainly Nuevo León, Veracruz, San Luis Potosí and Coahuila. Meanwhile, more than 1,000 people arrive from other entities, mainly from Veracruz, San Luis Potosí, Nuevo León and the State of Mexico. The emigration to the United States is greater than 100 thousand people annually.

In Tamaulipas, the population of 15 years and older has an average of 9.1 schooling. In the country the average of schooling is of 8.6. The illiteracy is 5 of each 100 seniors of 15 years, nationally it is 8.

In the 2010, 73% of the population of Tamaulipas professes the catholic religion, nationally the 83%. The elderly people of 5 who speak an indigenous language, mainly Náhuatl, Huasteco, Totonaca and Zapoteca, are 23 thousand, the 0.8% of the population of the entity.

In Tamaulipas in the 2010 there were 867,935 private homes, of which 812,671 had piped water inside or outside the house, but in the same lot, which represents the 93.6%; 753,760 had drainage, the 86.8%; and 841 641 had electric power, this is 97.0%.

The main sectors of productive activity are in primary activities 3.62%, secondary activities 35.67% and tertiary activities 60.71%.

In the state there were 102,159 economic units, the 2.7% of the country. 685,425 people were employed, the 3.4% of employed personnel in Mexico. In the entity, 61% (415 195) are men and 39% (270 230) are women. On average, the wages received by each worker in Tamaulipas per year were $ 103,029, the national average was $ 99,114. Tamaulipas contributes the 3,2% to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

For health care, the Secretary of Health of the State has the following resources: In total there are 406 medical units, specialty hospitals are 3, general hospitals, civil, comprehensive are 18, specialty clinics 46, 296 health centers , Mobile medical units and health caravans 46. The basic installed capacity is 1417 beds, 858 non-census beds, 951 offices, 55 operating theaters, 84 X-ray equipment, computerized axial tomography and ultrasound, and 27 clinical analysis laboratories.

In these facilities work 2888 doctors, 4062 nurses, 4809 paramedical, technical and administrative workers. In addition, undergraduate internal medical doctors, 445 medical interns, 275 nursing interns, 1022 dental interns and 101 specialty medical residents are trained and trained in service to 207.

With this infrastructure, programs and services for the health care of Children and adolescents, maternal and perinatal health, prevention and control of diseases, epidemiological surveillance, medical and dental care, health promotion, Hospital medical care are carried out specialized, social protection in health, protection against health risks, training and education.

The Ministry of Health is responsible for granting all the population services and programs of public health, epidemiological and health surveillance, and in particular, medical care for the population that does not have social security.

For these functions, the Ministry of Health establishes the Sanitary Jurisdictions, which are the basic instances for the operation of the health services and programs, endowed with sanitary authority, to attend and resolve the risks and damages to the health of the population.

The Sanitary Jurisdiction is a regional administrative unit formed on the basis of demographic, epidemiological, geographic, political and social criteria. It brings together rural and urban municipalities and has health centers, specialized medical units, hospitals and other organizations to develop programs and services for the prevention and protection of health.

Each Health Jurisdiction has a Headquarters that coordinates and directs programs and services to the population, plans its organization and operation, makes rational use of resources, to meet the health needs of the population. It is the technical-administrative area closest to the site where services are provided to the community.

It functions as a decentralized body by region of the State Health Secretariat, with faculties to conduct the actions of the sector, to agree and to agree with the municipalities, authorities and local agencies, the actions to improve health.

It has a central organic-functional structure and a network of health services with enough resolutive capacity to attend to the usual health problems, or refer cases of greater complexity to the assigned hospital unit.

Its jurisdictional headquarters has specialized personnel in public health, epidemiology and health services administration, with leadership and managerial capacity to coordinate the institutions of the health sector, social organizations and the community.

Maintain the health of the population of their constituency in good condition, by providing opportunity, coverage and quality of medical care services and substantive programs of public health and social protection in health within the scope of their responsibility.
  • Apply the policies, norms and guidelines in health matters, issued by the Federal and State governments
  • Prepare and update the health diagnosis of the jurisdiction, the annual work program and the organization and procedure manuals.
  • Plan, organize, direct and control health programs and services to the population at the jurisdictional and municipal levels.
  • Operate and supervise health programs and services in the health units of the affiliation area.
  • Execute the National System of Epidemiological Surveillance in the jurisdiction, with the participation of the institutions of the local Health System
  • Provide the population with services of prevention and health promotion, medical care, social protection, protection against health risks, through the network of jurisdictional medical units.
  • Promote health and social participation, through the coordination of actions with public, social and private institutions.
  • Carry out the training, training and development of medical, professional, technical and administrative personnel of medical units and of the jurisdictional headquarters, as well as of the volunteer.
  • Establish inter-institutional and intersectoral coordination to strengthen coverage, quality and improvement in the provision of health services to the population.
  • Maintain an adequate administration of human, material and financial resources in accordance with institutional regulations.
  • Outbreak and epidemiological emergency care
  • Vector control campaigns
  • Campaigns to control harmful and transmitting fauna
  • Disease detection and control campaigns
  • Campaigns of orientation and fight against addictions
  • Vaccination campaigns
  • Nutritional alterations detection and prevention campaigns
  • Campaigns to prevent teenage pregnancy
  • Oral health campaign
  • Affiliation campaigns for popular insurance

The state has 12 health jurisdictions, 4 of them recently created. The following table identifies the municipalities that comprise them, and the numbers of health centers, mobile medical units, medical specialty units and the total number of clinics available to each one.

SANITARY JURISDICTIONS

No Jurisdiction Municipalities Health centers Mobile medical unit UNE MONTH Consultations
1 Victoria Victoria, Casas, Güemez, Llera, Hidalgo, Villagrán and Mainero, 41 5 5 85
2 Tampico Tampico and Ciudad Madero, 20 1 5 48
3 Matamoros Matamoros 46 5 4 83
4 Reynosa Reynosa 28 3 4 53
5 Nuevo Laredo Nuevo Laredo 15 1 3 26
6 The Mante El Mante, Nuevo Morelos, Antiguo Morelos, Ocampo, Xicoténcatl and Gómez Farías. 26 5 1 35
7 San Fernando Burgos, Cruillas, Méndez and San Fernando. 24 4 1 25
8 Jaumave Jaumave, Tula, Miquihuana, Bustamante and Palmillas. 19 8 1 26
9 Miguel Alemán Guerrero, Miguel Alemán and Mier, Camargo and Gustavo Díaz Ordaz 10 2 1 20
10 beautiful valley Valle Hermoso and Rio Bravo, 20 2 2 42
11 Padilla San Nicolás, San Carlos, Jiménez, Abasolo, Soto la Marina and Padilla 22 5 1 26
12 Altamira Altamira, Aldama and González 25 5 1 32
    296 46 29 501

The basic information sheets of each of the health jurisdictions are presented.

In each jurisdiction file, the different health units that comprise them are listed, which contain location data, services, responsible personnel and available means of communication.

Units and Jurisdictions in the State of Tamaulipas

First Level Units

Know the services that are offered in Units of First Level of Attention


UNEMES Units

List of services provided to the community in General by UNEMES


Jurisdiction 1: Victoria

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 2: Tampico

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 3: Matamoros

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 4: Reynosa

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 5: Nuevo Laredo

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 6: Mante

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 7: San Fernando

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 8: Jaumave

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 9: Miguel Alemán

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 10: Valle Hermoso

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 11: Padilla

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction


Jurisdiction 12: Altamira

Characteristics, services and location of health centers and medical units in the Jurisdiction



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